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2019-2020 Tucson ABS Fire Recall (195)

2020.09.12 18:55 RussianBear2fer 2019-2020 Tucson ABS Fire Recall (195)

Just thought I'd clarify since there are/will be some people asking this over and over again. (Hopefully I can get this stickied)
Hyundai releases these Recalls Early with no remedy available, because the NHSTA makes them. They tell the NHSTA "well have the remedy available at x time and will send memos out then" this one is October 30th. It doesn't mean you can't take your vehicle into the dealer and ask if they can put you into a rental. However, you have to be within the date ranges Hyundai has specified. So grab a pen and paper and head out to your car. Open your driver's door, and either on your "B Pillar" (or the pillar that separates the front from the back) or on the side of your door, there is a black plate with a bunch of numbers. There should be a date manufactured in the top left corner of that.
The affected vehicles include: • Certain Model Year 2019 Hyundai Tucson vehicles produced from September 1, 2018 to July 31, 2019 by Hyundai Motor Company (“HMC”) in South Korea for sale in the U.S. market may contain a defective circuit board in the ABS brake hydraulic electronic control unit (“HECU”). • Certain Model Year 2020 Hyundai Tucson vehicles produced from December 01, 2019 to March 31, 2020 by Hyundai Motor Company (“HMC”) in South Korea for sale in the U.S. market may contain a defective circuit board in the ABS brake hydraulic electronic control unit (“HECU”). • Certain Model Year 2021 Hyundai Tucson vehicles produced on June 23, 2020 by Hyundai Motor Company (“HMC”) in South Korea for sale in the U.S. market may contain a defective circuit board in the ABS brake hydraulic electronic control unit (“HECU”). (2021s aren't sold yet, and Dealers have to hold them back until this recall is completed)
If your Tucson falls within these date ranges, you are most likely going to have this recall put out onto your vehicle.
"Is it safe to drive?" YES, however if your ABS light comes on for no reason, have it towed to the dealer.
"Can I bring my car to my dealership prematurely?" YES, however make sure your car is in those date ranges above, otherwise they may not help.
"What will they do with my car?" The guidelines given to dealers by Hyundai are to park it in a safe location, and disconnect the 12v battery from the car.
"Can I get a service loaner or Rental from my dealership?" The guidelines say, yes you can get one. However it's up to your dealer and what they would like to do.
As I receive more information within the next couple weeks (probably won't happen) I'll update this post.
EDIT: The same thing goes for the unreleased Santa Fe ABS issue as well
submitted by RussianBear2fer to Hyundai [link] [comments]

2020.08.30 03:02 jrmrjnck March 2020 Sky Islands Traverse (Abridged)

In March 2020 I attempted the Sky Islands Traverse, and covered most of the route with some significant bypasses and discontinuities. Finally got around to finishing a report which I wanted to share since this is not a route you hear much about. (And yes, in hindsight many of my activities were ill-advised during a pandemic (hitchhiking, etc.), but I simply didn't realize it at the time.)


Where: The Sky Islands Traverse (SkIT) is 500-and-some mile route connecting 10 "sky island" mountain ranges in southeastern Arizona, mostly within the Coronado National Forest, as well as a long section of the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Aside from the creator Brett Tucker's initial thru in 2010, I only found evidence of two other complete hikes by Dirtmonger and Not a Chance. The two links above provide fantastic narrative about the route's terrain, flora, and fauna so I won't spend much time reiterating that. Especially Tucker's photo journal is really worth reading through if you are interested in the route (he is a much better writer than I).
When: 2020-03-16 to 2020-04-12. 28 days including 1 zero
Distance: 460 miles. 62,000 ft gross elevation gain
Final Route Overview Map
Conditions: A couple of rain storms, but overall fantastic conditions prevailed. Average weather was sunny and warm, with highs in the 70s and lows in the 40s. Overall low temp recorded by my thermometer was 34.2 F at 8900' in the Pinaleños.
In addition to the great weather, most water sources were gushing due to abundant winter rains. Almost every source listed in Tucker's data book was usable, and I came across many more flowing sources and stock tanks that were not listed at all.
Lighterpack: https://lighterpack.com/8c8bct
Unused items marked with red star
Photo Album: https://imgur.com/a/bKezHIM


This was my first thru hike. It appealed to me because it was the right distance and season and connected a lot of fascinating terrain and historical sites. I planned the route in great detail and included "escape hatches" in case the main route proved too difficult. Ultimately, I did use almost every bypass and shortcut, resulting in an "abridged" traverse. The limiting factor was very slow travel through rough terrain eating into my time budget.
I think many people would call this an "advanced" hike. But my impression now is that it kind of maximizes one factor (route difficulty), while the other factors are not that bad. Bug pressure, climate, resupply interval, and cell service are all pretty favorable. But I can understand why the SkIT would not appeal to most hikers given all the other amazing well developed trails. Land access is another issue that might concern the more law-abiding hiker, since this is not an "official" route with negotiated access rights. There are more than a few fences and "no tresspassing" signs along the way, although there's also little chance of encountering anyone who would care.


I prepared paper maps for the entire route with CalTopo, using a combination of Tucker's data book and GPS track, and AZT info and GET info since the alignment of those trails has changed a bit since the SkIT was first published. I found Skurka's tips for printing maps quite useful, going with the "Forest Service" preset layer, double sided 11x17" at 1:36000 printed by Fedex. In practice, 1:36000 was too small to figure out where to go in some parts and I had to fall back to digital maps on my phone. Next time I would print larger scale maps, just for the non-AZT sections.


Dragoons (Cochise Stronghold to river, 2 days)

I flew into TUS and took the bus downtown to buy some fuel (don't rely on Miller Surplus for LPG fuel). Then took an Uber to the start at Cochise Stronghold - the road was passable except for some water crossings which were a little too deep for the Honda Accord - so I walked the last mile to the trailhead. Trail was nice and easy until the very first XC section towards Council Rocks. In what would ultimately be the most frustrating XC of the whole trip, I spent a couple hours wading through thick brush unsuccessfully trying to find the pictographs. I'm still not sure how I missed it since there is apparently a popular trail leading to the site, but eventually I found myself at the next waypoint so I just continued on. Slavin Gulch would be the last water source before reaching the San Pedro, and luckily water was abundant there.
The XC through Smith Wash was very straightforward and fairly pleasant, with numerous shady trees to rest under. It would set the scene for many future wash slogs, where can you choose between soft sand of the wash bottom, or the firm but brushy banks. Saw my first ever rattlesnake in the wash, and also saw my first border patrol agent parked along AZ 80. Made it to the river after sunset on a very long day 2.

San Pedro River (river to Nicksville, 2 days)

Awoke at 5 AM when rising winds collapsed the tarp on top of me (still a tarp newbie). Found that the river was relatively deep and swift, very unlike the lazy intermittently flowing waters I expected from pictures. Combined with threatening weather, I decided to walk the railroad grade along the west bank rather than the river bottom. The monotonous dreary setting, high winds, and coarse gravel of the railroad grade made for poor hiking, but it seemed a lot faster than navigating the river, and I needed to make miles on the first half of this route. I had marked a lot of historic sites on my map north of Fairbank, but missed most of them since I stayed on the west bank. Fairbank itself was shuttered due to COVID, so I continued on dirt roads to the historic Boquillas Ranch. Among the historic buildings there, there is also a newly constructed barn/garage (empty and unlocked), where I took refuge from the wind to eat lunch. Soon after, it started pouring rain, so I ended up staying the night there.
Continued from there on the occasionally marked San Pedro Trail. South of Millville/Charleston, I finally found a favorable section of the river to navigate, where much of the vegetation on the bank was flattened (by flooding I assume). Got back on the San Pedro Trail south of Escapule Rd, and from there the trail is well defined, although it's mostly wide open 2-track roads covered in manure, and therefore vastly inferior to the lush oasis of the river itself. San Pedro House was also closed due to COVID, but I later crossed paths with the site hosts, who informed me that you actually need a $2/night permit to camp in the RNCA. But they basically implied I shouldn't worry about it, so I'm still not sure how you camp here legally. The Miller Backcountry site is the only establisted site in the RNCA, but aside from having a bear box and pit toilet it is no more attractive than any other place - so I pushed on, and finally camped at the very end of the trail amid a cacophony of coyotes and dogs.
Once you cross Hereford Rd, you're basically walking past houses until you find singletrack again in Hunter Canyon, so definitely plan your rest stops accordingly. The 3 Canyons road walk is a private road blocked by a gated fence. There was more than a few cars going by but no one seemed interested in me. Met up with dantimmerman for a few hours before I headed up into the mountains 👍. The Nicksville Dollar General is a viable resupply point, although pretty much all the "real" food was sold out due to virus panic.

Huachucas (Nicksville to Patagonia, 3 days)

The trail up towards Miller Peak was a nice climb and surely a popular day hiking spot, and at high elevations there was patchy snow. Wild turkey and deer were abundant along this gorgeous trail, which at times somehow reminded me of the Appalachians. Started getting pain in my achilles which would persist for another week. But I eventually hobbled into Patagonia, where I got a hotel room and resupplied at the Market. I checked out the upscale grocery too, but didn't find much there that I like to eat while backpacking.

Santa Ritas (Patagonia to Vail, 2 days)

Split from the AZT onto Temporal Gulch Trail #595, which was in spectacular condition, especially in the upper sections near Josephine Saddle. It was actually a little difficult to pick up near the lower trailhead, but once you get going the right way it's a great hike: cairns, fresh signage, fresh tread, branches trimmed back for wide open passage, and even the shin daggers had their tips trimmed! Crest Trail #144 up to Baldy Saddle is in great condition, with a few inches of snow in late March. Did not summit Mt. Wrightson because I was at Baldy Saddle at 4 PM and wanted to get to lower elevations to camp. Beyond Baldy Saddle, the trails are easily followable but very overgrown and covered with blowdown in some spots. After descending the switchbacks on the East Sawmill Trail #146, the trail opens up and is easier. Going around Wrightson would be my biggest day of the trip at 26 mi, and also my first time night hiking (terrifying and exhilarating being watched by disembodied eyes).
Back on the AZT, things are easy, although this stretch into Vail was the most water-poor of any section on the SkIT for me.

Rincons (Vail to Italian Spring TH, 2 days)

Some other AZT hikers and I were blessed with incredible trail magic just before hitting Saguaro NP (full dinner, breakfast, oreos+milk!). And I even picked up a trail name ("spaceman").
If you want to camp inside Saguaro NP, Grass Shack CG looked decent, but Manning Camp was cold and windy and probably not a good bet in early spring. I did not camp in the NP so I don't know how the permit experience is. No other surprises on the AZT through the Rincons.

Santa Catalinas (Italian Spring TH to San Pedro River, 3 days)

Crossing into Molino Basin, there were many day hikers about (and I finally had that first experience of smelling people before seeing or hearing them). Due to foot pain, I decided to skip all the "inner Catalina" miles between Molino Basin and Summerhaven, and instead take a zero in town. But, I had prepared three resupply boxes in advance for the second half of the trip and sent them all to the Summerhaven PO, so I had to get up there before they closed for the weekend. Luckily, I managed to hitch a ride with a very kind woman up to the PO and then all the way back down into Tucson.
From Summerhaven, the route starts out on some trails which are not on the FS map, but do have tracks in MapBuildeOSM up to Bigelow. These trails do exist in reality, and there were many footprints in the snow to follow. From Bigelow TH to San Pedro Vista, there are well defined trails since it is actually now an official AZT Wilderness Bypass Route. There is no need to bushwhack down from Barnum Rock/Leopold Point like the reference route suggests.
The Brush Corral Trail #19 has seen some recent maintenance and is followable. Notably, from the Shortcut Trail #21A junction, there is extensive flagging with red, white, and blue streamers, and many parts have had the brush trimmed back for easy passage. There was one small section around a bump in the ridge where I lost the flagging and had to forge my way around, but on the other side of the bump the flagging picked up again to show the way. Once the dense brush peters out, the lower section of the trail is in great condition with clear trail and signage all the way down to the TH.
Here begins the longest water carry on the trip, out to Redfield Canyon. I carried 4 liters, which was sufficient, and I didn't see any other potential sources in between.
From Redington Rd, the reference route goes down a wash to the river bed under the bridge. Be aware that there is fence across the wash and another at the bridge which were a bit tricky to get around. Unless you really hate road walks, it might be better to just stay on Redington Rd north to the intersection and avoid all the fences.

Galiuros (San Pedro River to Klondyke, 4 days)

Despite lacking the grand rock formations or vistas of the other ranges, the Galiuros became my favorite section, due to the unique challenges, the total isolation, and the haunting history.
The trail down to the cliff house is cairned and straightforward, but I got excited when I saw the river and accidentally left the trail early and ended up doing a very sketchy scramble. Follow the cairns carefully and this should be an easy trail down to the canyon bottom. The cliff house itself is cool and totally worth a visit - and there is another access trail from the south side of the canyon.
The boulder scrambling in upper Redfield Canyon was an enjoyable, unique experience, and one of the highlights of the trip for me. In the photo journal, Tucker suggests an alternative route around the boulders, but I would just keep that as a backup. There were only two spots I took off my backpack to toss it up ahead on a climb, and overall it did not seem too difficult or risky. I suppose things coulds get rearranged by floodwaters though, so YMMV.
West Divide Trail #289 basically does not exist any more up until Kielberg Tank. There are occasionally cairns and faint tracks to follow but be prepared here for essentially XC routefinding. After Kielberg, and especially after Power's Cabin, the trail is well defined to the junction with Powers Garden Trail #96. At that point, the reference route keeps following the West Divide Trail out to Grassy Ridge, but it did not look promising to me. I took the easy way down to Rattlesnake Creek, and that really is a pleasant hike up to Powers Garden. Powers Garden Trail #96 continues to be easy to follow all the way up Powers Hill.
In Klondyke, I picked up a resupply box forwarded from Summerhaven. There are instructions in the GET town guide for how to send packages here (as there is no post office), and this method still works fine. But as always, pick up your package! The woman who owns the store where you send packages has to deal with uncollected boxes every year and I'm sure it's annoying. When I came through, there were 4 other boxes and 3 were past the ETA date. Had a wonderful stay at the Horsehead Lodge, although the front porch of the BLM office looked quite hospitable for a free option.

Santa Teresas (Klondyke to Klondyke Rd, 1 day)

I took the GET Buford Hill alternate route, having had my fill of bad trail in the Galiuros, so unfortunately I can't report on this section too much. There is an updated GET route that I mapped as an option rather than the outdated reference SkIT route. Thankfully my feet were fully hardened after leaving Klondyke, and I had no more pain for the rest of the trip.

Pinaleños (Klondyke Rd to I-10, 4 days)

Past Underwood Canyon, had a little uncertainty finding the correct ridge to XC up from Two Troughs to Tripp Canyon, but there are some cairns leading the way and it's clear many GETers have been through. Finding the way down on the other side is also tricky because many stock paths lead south away from the drainage. I pushed through a long day to get to Tripp Canyon because I thought it would be a nice campsite, but it wasn't - do not plan on camping here. Tucker's literature mentions "car camping sites" but the reality is more like "ravaged weekend bonfire party sites". I found an OK spot to camp, but most of this area is littered with broken glass, toilet paper, and tire tracks, and many of the trees have had entire limbs hacked off. This was also the only place I ever encountered abundant mosquitoes.
Next day I took the GET Sawmill-Blue Jay bypass route, which was a surprisingly pleasant and wide path following a black plastic pipeline, up until the short XC which was also easy once you pick the right drainage to go up. There were several car campers at Dry Lake stock tank, which seemed much more pleasant than Tripp Canyon. Then followed FR 286 all the way up to West Peak, skipping the Blue Jay Ridge trail. Had lunch at West Peak with the first and only GETer I would encounter. His account of the Teresas route made me glad I had bypassed.
Clark Peak Trail #301 was in moderate condition, deteriorating substantially in some steeper sections after Taylor Pass due to fire damage. But overall is it cairned and flagged well enough to follow without a map. Spent a windy night at Riggs Lake, and then ended up staying on the road (Swift Trail) all the way to Ladybug Saddle. There was patchy but substantial snow cover at higher elevations, and the trail from Chesley Flat to Webb Peak was not discernable (ended up taking FR 88 up and down to tag the high point). I had wanted to investigate conditions on Round the Mountain Trail #302, but even FR 508 looked snowed in and covered in blowdown, so I took the easy way down Swift Trail, which was cleared of snow all the way to Ladybug Saddle. Road walking the Swift Trail 366 would not be pleasant from Shannon CG to Ladybug Saddle if there had been significant car traffic. There are no shoulders in many places, so luckily there was almost no traffic this time of year.
Bear Canyon Trail #299 is not marked from Ladybug Peak and a bit hard to pick up. But once you find it off the west slope of the peak it is pretty easy to follow all the way down to the highway. There are many intersecting stock paths in the lower flatter section of the trail that can trick you, but there are numerous cairns to help guide the way. Look for a couple of stiles to cross the fence along AZ 266 to get down to Stockon Pass Wash, and from there the XC route to Gillespie Wash was quite pleasant and scenic. Gillespie Wash is pretty nice too, but the detour around Jernigan Ranch involved a couple of questionable fence crossings.
XC between Little Cottonwood Canyon and Willow Spring is passable, although it's deceptively steep and exhausting. As usual, the challenge is in picking the right ridge. Since I had to go into Willcox for a package, I rerouted south on the gas pipeline road just west of US 191, then took N Monk Ranch Rd out to the interstate junction. While walking the pipeline road, I almost had a heart attack when a single engine PIPELINE PATROL plane passed low overhead from behind. There's plenty of traffic at exit 352, and I hitched a ride into Willcox in about an hour. Picked up my package forwarded from Summerhaven, and got a couple beers and a hotel room.

Dos Cabezas (I-10 to Fort Bowie, 2 days)

Going out of Willcox, there is not as much traffic going east at exit 340, but I still had luck here, and hitched a ride back to exit 355 in about an hour. Between I-10 and the mountains, there was a locked gate near the interstate and two fences to scramble under after leaving the dirt road. Up in the Dos Cabezas, the cattle really did seem to be a different breed, much more athletic and less afraid of humans. Some of them were not interested in moving to let me through so I had to detour around them.
Fortunately, unlike in other mountains, the "faint trails" and "stock paths" (as described by Tucker) in the Dos Cabezas are actually followable in many places. Near Happy Camp Canyon there was actually evidence of trail maintenance through the catclaw thickets. But finding the way up Tar Box Canyon to the wilderness boundary was tricky for me. Especially past Cedar Log Spring there are many forking drainages to entice you in the wrong direction. Once you cross the pass and catch the road, it's smooth sailing down to Apache Pass (other than 1 locked gate). Ft. Bowie is a well curated historic site where you can easily spend a couple hours if you like reading interpretive signs. The visitors center has good developed water out front, and from there you can follow Old Fort Bowie Rd back to the reference route.
At the Ft. Bowie trailhead I happened to run into a couple travelling the country in their truck camper, who graciously shared their beer, gin, wine, and delicious organic food.

Chiricahuas (Fort Bowie to Portal, 3 days)

Emigrant Canyon Trail #255 is moderately difficult to follow in places, but you can always fall back to walking in the wash. If you want to closely watch your GPS, the MapBuildeOSM track does a pretty good job of following the easiest path. From Emigrant Pass up through Wood Canyon the walking is pretty nice, with some evidence of trail maintenance/realignment. Near Wood Canyon Park things get hairy: fire has destroyed the trail and the terrain in general. Be very careful to follow the correct ridge because there are many forking drainages that lured me well off route. This is now very difficult XC but at least not exposed. Difficult conditions continue until the pass under Cochise Head, where there is actually signage and a followable path down to Indian Creek. Trail #253 down Indian Creek is a very pleasant trail, and kinda fun when going through the canyon "narrows".
FR 356 actually takes a little searching to pick up from Indian Creek. It is almost just singletrack in a few sections since the road to Hands Pass is now impassable for any vehicles.
Shaw Peak Trail #251 is difficult to follow straight away, but there are a few hints and cairns. Once you start traversing the steep slope, the trail disappears completely into burned and eroded terrain. This traverse up to the ridge is very difficult and exposed. I was up near the ridge as a hailstorm rolled in, making my situation unreasonably dangerous. After gaining the ridge, the path becomes followable but still eroded and burned. When the path comes to a gate in a fence, go through the gate and follow the fence from the south side even though the path appears to stay on the north side of the fence.
I went down to Iron Springs to escape the bad weather for the night, via trail #366, which is in good shape at least down to the spring. Light rain continued into the night, and I think a mountain lion came to visit based on the terrifying sounds that woke me up. The prospect of putting on my cold wet pants the next morning kept me in bed until 10 AM, but eventually I mustered the courage and got going. Continuing south from Jhus Horse Saddle, #251 is in good shape and easy to follow.
I bailed out at FR 42 and followed that all the way into Portal. The previous two days had pushed the risk level beyond my tolerance and I wasn't excited about rolling the dice on another 25 miles of trail that might not be passable. Someday I would like to go back to see Chiricahua Peak and Silver Peak - I only had a taste of what this range has to offer but it was exhilarating.
Portal typically is overrun with birders in April, but I was able to walk in and get a room at the lodge. I hired someone from the Tucson craigslist rideshare to get back to the airport, although in typical years there would be a lot more car traffic through here and hitching back into the transit network might be feasible.
Finally, I found that chiricahuatrails.com has fresh, detailed information on the entire Chiricahua trail network, so you can fill the gaps I left with that great resource.

Gear Notes

This was the first big test for a lot of my gear, including the pack, tarp, and pad, and I had no major problems.
TL;DR: Walked at least a little bit through all 10 mountain ranges of the traverse, but skipped some of the harder bits due to foot pain and general laziness. Saw a whole lotta cows, and some snakes, turkeys, javelinas, and deer. Got soaked in a hailstorm on top of a ridge and noped out but generally had a blast exploring some of the most isolated places I've ever been.
submitted by jrmrjnck to Ultralight [link] [comments]

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2020.07.27 17:32 pahohi1327JJul Christian Harmony Da-ting Si-te

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2020.06.29 19:03 PeaceNAnarchy I think my teenager hates me.

This is long so tldr is that my teenage son is refusing to come down for the court ordered summer visitation and he wont talk to me much at all anymore.
I dont know what to do. I'm heart broken and depressed. I think my oldest child hates me now and theres nothing I can do about it.
My first born lived with me until he was 3.5 years old. Right just before he was 3 I had left for training for a job that didn't work out and I left him with my mom for that time. His father wanted nothing to do with him during his first few years and had barely started seeing his son so I didnt feel right leaving our son with him solely. I was gone 1 month and 6 days in my attempt to build a better life for my son and I.
Being gone from my young child like that did a number on me and i was a mess by the time I was able to get home to him. A few weeks after returning home I was sexually assaulted. I was not doing well and my mother continued to bulk of the care of my son. I had turned 18 about 2 or 3 months prior to these things happening.
While i was trying to recover mentally, my mom sent my son to live with his dad against my wishes. She told me it was best for him and I believed her. He immediately cut as much contact with my son and I as he could. He even went as far as literally forcing me to sign papers only allowing me to see our son every other weekend.
From there I spiralled pretty bad and started seeing a therapist regularly and got on meds. Once I hit 19 I got on some medications that were starting to help. I started going to the community college. And I got a vehicle. As soon as I started doing better I started pushing for more time with our son. My ex took him and left the city. Every few months they would contact me and let me see him. I never knew the address and when i did find out where they lived they would move. They would constantly change their phone number and I couldnt afford a lawyer. After a few years of this hell they moved back to tucson.
I used the documentation I had stating every other weekend to force them to allow me visitation. This was going well until our son started telling me things like his father told him his step mother was his real mother, that I didn't really love him or want him. I started to repair my relationship with my son and show him and tell him how much I loved him and wanted him.
When my son was almost 10 he told me he didnt want to kill himself but that he wanted something else to kill him. I took him to a behavioral health place to get him help. They spoke to him with me and then alone. They gave me a referral and a paper stating that he was being abused at his dads and that he was showing symptoms of suicidal ideation.
His father refused to allow therapy and since we technically still have joint legal decision making they wouldn't see him without consent of both parents. Then my ex said they were moving out of state.
I borrowed money and found a cheap lawyer. My son came over again and his father made him take a cell phone. I found bruises on his arms and took pictures. My son told me how his step mom would punch him or grab him and sometimes made him bleed from the pinches.
After he returned to his father I found the cell phone in his room. I went through it and found countless texts between two adults about drug deals and selling pills. His father or step mom doing the selling and people texting to buy. This was the phone that was left in my kids care. I made a police report. I printed screen shots of all the texts and gave everything to my lawyer.
When court happened my lawyer didnt submit any of the evidence I had compiled against my ex. This included threatening texts from my ex about letting them move or he would disappear again with our son and other things.
Due to a clerical error my mom still had my portion of custody (I was 15 when I had my son). So that messed up the court hearing and they wouldnt talk to me because apparently I was not the legal guardian at this time even though I had visitation papers. The court let my ex move with our son as a temporary thing and I got everything transferred into my name.
My lawyer continued to tell me he would submit the documents eventually (before the next court date) blah blah blah. And he didn't. I lost another court hearing which ended up with me only getting a total of like 4 weeks a year with our son.
I borrowed more money and hired a better lawyer. She ended up getting me most of his school breaks but by that time he was in school and the courts deemed a move of households and schools wouldn't be fair to my son. So I was stuck.
Every time my son came out to see me I had to repair my relationship with him all over again and when we finally got to a good point he would have to go back to his fathers house.
He was supposed to come here for 10 weeks this summer. This is in the court papers. My son refused to fly so we agreed to come and get him and drive. He refused to come at all and stated he wouldnt even leave his bedroom. His father told me I had to agree to only 4 weeks and that's it or I wouldnt see him.
I called my son on the cell phone that my husband and I pay for and asked him why he doesnt want to come here. My son said he doesnt wanna be stuck in a "2 bedroom studio in the ghetto" and that hes realized all of the lies ive told him "over the years". I know I have never lied to him about anything except things like santa or the easter bunny.
We have had some financial issues during his time here where we weren't able to do everything we planned but ive tried making up for that with quality time spent together.
Since all of this he wont tell me what he believes ive lied about. The police In his city wont help without a court order stating that they have to. I called them. My son won say anything more to me except "I love you and miss you too" and only in response to my messages. He wont talk to me at all beyond that.
I explained to him that we pay for his phone so that he and I can have a relationship with each other. That got me a couple short responses and then it was back to silence with the exception of the love you miss you too.
He wont talk to me, he wont let me talk to him. My lawyer said I could file papers holding his dad in contempt and force the issue but im afraid doing that will just hurt my son if I force him down here.
I cry every day and this has been going on since early to mid May. My younger son is heart broken. I hide as much as I can from my younger son though because I dont want him to know how hurt I am. My oldest doesnt really know much about that either.
My husband wants to cut my oldests phone service temporarily as punishment. We havent sent his birthday gift to him because we always give it to him in person when he comes down for the summer. He even refused to come down for his brothers birthday.
I'm so lost and I would really appreciate some advice.
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2020.06.27 21:08 autotldr Arizona hospitals want more power to decide who gets care as covid-19 overwhelms facilities, staff

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 64%. (I'm a bot)
Arizona hospitals on Friday asked the state Department of Health Services to formally activate crisis standards of care, rarely used guidelines that would give health care providers more freedom to decide who should be treated for the coronavirus and how they should be treated.
Health care companies could also seek liability protection to allow them to make those triage decisions.
The call for crisis standards by the State Disaster Medical Advisory Committee, which represents the state's major hospitals and other health care facilities, is the clearest sign to date that the out-of-control coronavirus infection is overwhelming the state's health care resources.
"The committee agreed that most, if not all, hospitals are currently operating under crisis standards of care," according to a member update Friday by the Arizona Hospital and Healthcare Association.
Health care workers report increasing levels of stress as patients flood their units.
A Tucson doctor described a desperate situation: "It is hard to admit that I feel vulnerable and scared when I think of the COVID-19 surge we are facing now. But I am admitting it because you need to know how close health care workers are to breaking."
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: care#1 hospital#2 Health#3 standards#4 state#5
Post found in /Coronavirus.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
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2020.06.26 15:03 freedomforg The manhattan project thing 2/5

Patterson approved the acquisition of the site on 25 November 1942, authorizing $440,000 for the purchase of the site of 54,000 acres (22,000 ha), all but 8,900 acres (3,600 ha) of which were already owned by the Federal Government.[95] Secretary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard granted use of some 45,100 acres (18,300 ha) of United States Forest Service land to the War Department "for so long as the military necessity continues".[96] The need for land, for a new road, and later for a right of way for a 25-mile (40 km) power line, eventually brought wartime land purchases to 45,737 acres (18,509.1 ha), but only $414,971 was spent.[95] Construction was contracted to the M. M. Sundt Company of Tucson, Arizona, with Willard C. Kruger and Associates of Santa Fe, New Mexico, as architect and engineer. Work commenced in December 1942. Groves initially allocated $300,000 for construction, three times Oppenheimer's estimate, with a planned completion date of 15 March 1943. It soon became clear that the scope of Project Y was greater than expected, and by the time Sundt finished on 30 November 1943, over $7 million had been spent.[97]
Map of Los Alamos site, New Mexico, 1943–45
Because it was secret, Los Alamos was referred to as "Site Y" or "the Hill".[98] Birth certificates of babies born in Los Alamos during the war listed their place of birth as PO Box 1663 in Santa Fe.[99] Initially Los Alamos was to have been a military laboratory with Oppenheimer and other researchers commissioned into the Army. Oppenheimer went so far as to order himself a lieutenant colonel's uniform, but two key physicists, Robert Bacher and Isidor Rabi, balked at the idea. Conant, Groves and Oppenheimer then devised a compromise whereby the laboratory was operated by the University of California under contract to the War Department.[100]
Main article: Metallurgical Laboratory
An Army-OSRD council on 25 June 1942 decided to build a pilot plant for plutonium production in Red Gate Woods southwest of Chicago. In July, Nichols arranged for a lease of 1,025 acres (415 ha) from the Cook County Forest Preserve District, and Captain James F. Grafton was appointed Chicago area engineer. It soon became apparent that the scale of operations was too great for the area, and it was decided to build the plant at Oak Ridge, and keep a research and testing facility in Chicago.[101][102]
Delays in establishing the plant in Red Gate Woods led Compton to authorize the Metallurgical Laboratory to construct the first nuclear reactor beneath the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago. The reactor required an enormous amount of graphite blocks and uranium pellets. At the time, there was a limited source of pure uranium. Frank Spedding of Iowa State University were able to produce only two short tons of pure uranium. Additional three short tons of uranium metal was supplied by Westinghouse Lamp Plant which was produced in a rush with makeshift process. A large square balloon was constructed by Goodyear Tire to encase the reactor.[103][104] On 2 December 1942, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiated the first artificial[note 3] self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in an experimental reactor known as Chicago Pile-1.[106] The point at which a reaction becomes self-sustaining became known as "going critical". Compton reported the success to Conant in Washington, D.C., by a coded phone call, saying, "The Italian navigator [Fermi] has just landed in the new world."[107][note 4]
In January 1943, Grafton's successor, Major Arthur V. Peterson, ordered Chicago Pile-1 dismantled and reassembled at Red Gate Woods, as he regarded the operation of a reactor as too hazardous for a densely populated area.[108] At the Argonne site, Chicago Pile-3, the first heavy water reactor, went critical on 15 May 1944.[109][110] After the war, the operations that remained at Red Gate moved to the new site of the Argonne National Laboratory about 6 miles (9.7 km) away.[102]
Main article: Hanford Site
By December 1942 there were concerns that even Oak Ridge was too close to a major population center (Knoxville) in the unlikely event of a major nuclear accident. Groves recruited DuPont in November 1942 to be the prime contractor for the construction of the plutonium production complex. DuPont was offered a standard cost plus fixed-fee contract, but the President of the company, Walter S. Carpenter, Jr., wanted no profit of any kind, and asked for the proposed contract to be amended to explicitly exclude the company from acquiring any patent rights. This was accepted, but for legal reasons a nominal fee of one dollar was agreed upon. After the war, DuPont asked to be released from the contract early, and had to return 33 cents.[111]
A large crowd of sullen looking workmen at a counter where two women are writing. Some of the workmen are wearing identify photographs of themselves on their hats.
Hanford workers collect their paychecks at the Western Union office.
DuPont recommended that the site be located far from the existing uranium production facility at Oak Ridge.[112] In December 1942, Groves dispatched Colonel Franklin Matthias and DuPont engineers to scout potential sites. Matthias reported that Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, was "ideal in virtually all respects". It was isolated and near the Columbia River, which could supply sufficient water to cool the reactors that would produce the plutonium. Groves visited the site in January and established the Hanford Engineer Works (HEW), codenamed "Site W".[113]
Under Secretary Patterson gave his approval on 9 February, allocating $5 million for the acquisition of 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) of land in the area. The federal government relocated some 1,500 residents of White Bluffs and Hanford, and nearby settlements, as well as the Wanapum and other tribes using the area. A dispute arose with farmers over compensation for crops, which had already been planted before the land was acquired. Where schedules allowed, the Army allowed the crops to be harvested, but this was not always possible.[113] The land acquisition process dragged on and was not completed before the end of the Manhattan Project in December 1946.[114]
The dispute did not delay work. Although progress on the reactor design at Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont was not sufficiently advanced to accurately predict the scope of the project, a start was made in April 1943 on facilities for an estimated 25,000 workers, half of whom were expected to live on-site. By July 1944, some 1,200 buildings had been erected and nearly 51,000 people were living in the construction camp. As area engineer, Matthias exercised overall control of the site.[115] At its peak, the construction camp was the third most populous town in Washington state.[116] Hanford operated a fleet of over 900 buses, more than the city of Chicago.[117] Like Los Alamos and Oak Ridge, Richland was a gated community with restricted access, but it looked more like a typical wartime American boomtown: the military profile was lower, and physical security elements like high fences, towers, and guard dogs were less evident.[118]
Canadian sites
Main article: Montreal Laboratory
British Columbia
Cominco had produced electrolytic hydrogen at Trail, British Columbia, since 1930. Urey suggested in 1941 that it could produce heavy water. To the existing $10 million plant consisting of 3,215 cells consuming 75 MW of hydroelectric power, secondary electrolysis cells were added to increase the deuterium concentration in the water from 2.3% to 99.8%. For this process, Hugh Taylor of Princeton developed a platinum-on-carbon catalyst for the first three stages while Urey developed a nickel-chromia one for the fourth stage tower. The final cost was $2.8 million. The Canadian Government did not officially learn of the project until August 1942. Trail's heavy water production started in January 1944 and continued until 1956. Heavy water from Trail was used for Chicago Pile 3, the first reactor using heavy water and natural uranium, which went critical on 15 May 1944.[119]
The Chalk River, Ontario, site was established to rehouse the Allied effort at the Montreal Laboratory away from an urban area. A new community was built at Deep River, Ontario, to provide residences and facilities for the team members. The site was chosen for its proximity to the industrial manufacturing area of Ontario and Quebec, and proximity to a rail head adjacent to a large military base, Camp Petawawa. Located on the Ottawa River, it had access to abundant water. The first director of the new laboratory was Hans von Halban. He was replaced by John Cockcroft in May 1944, who in turn was succeeded by Bennett Lewis in September 1946. A pilot reactor known as ZEEP (zero-energy experimental pile) became the first Canadian reactor, and the first to be completed outside the United States, when it went critical in September 1945, ZEEP remained in use by researchers until 1970.[120] A larger 10 MW NRX reactor, which was designed during the war, was completed and went critical in July 1947.[119]
Northwest Territories
The Eldorado Mine at Port Radium was a source of uranium ore.[121]
Heavy water sites
Main article: P-9 Project
Although DuPont's preferred designs for the nuclear reactors were helium cooled and used graphite as a moderator, DuPont still expressed an interest in using heavy water as a backup, in case the graphite reactor design proved infeasible for some reason. For this purpose, it was estimated that 3 short tons (2.7 t) of heavy water would be required per month. The P-9 Project was the government's code name for the heavy water production program. As the plant at Trail, which was then under construction, could produce 0.5 short tons (0.45 t) per month, additional capacity was required. Groves therefore authorized DuPont to establish heavy water facilities at the Morgantown Ordnance Works, near Morgantown, West Virginia; at the Wabash River Ordnance Works, near Dana and Newport, Indiana; and at the Alabama Ordnance Works, near Childersburg and Sylacauga, Alabama. Although known as Ordnance Works and paid for under Ordnance Department contracts, they were built and operated by the Army Corps of Engineers. The American plants used a process different from Trail's; heavy water was extracted by distillation, taking advantage of the slightly higher boiling point of heavy water.[122][123]
The key raw material for the project was uranium, which was used as fuel for the reactors, as feed that was transformed into plutonium, and, in its enriched form, in the atomic bomb itself. There were four known major deposits of uranium in 1940: in Colorado, in northern Canada, in Joachimsthal in Czechoslovakia, and in the Belgian Congo.[124] All but Joachimstal were in allied hands. A November 1942 survey determined that sufficient quantities of uranium were available to satisfy the project's requirements.[125] Nichols arranged with the State Department for export controls to be placed on uranium oxide and negotiated for the purchase of 1,200 short tons (1,100 t) of uranium ore from the Belgian Congo that was being stored in a warehouse on Staten Island and the remaining stocks of mined ore stored in the Congo. He negotiated with Eldorado Gold Mines for the purchase of ore from its refinery in Port Hope, Ontario, and its shipment in 100-ton lots. The Canadian government subsequently bought up the company's stock until it acquired a controlling interest.[126]
While these purchases assured a sufficient supply to meet wartime needs, the American and British leaders concluded that it was in their countries' interest to gain control of as much of the world's uranium deposits as possible. The richest source of ore was the Shinkolobwe mine in the Belgian Congo, but it was flooded and closed. Nichols unsuccessfully attempted to negotiate its reopening and the sale of the entire future output to the United States with Edgar Sengier, the director of the company that owned the mine, Union Minière du Haut Katanga.[127] The matter was then taken up by the Combined Policy Committee. As 30 percent of Union Minière's stock was controlled by British interests, the British took the lead in negotiations. Sir John Anderson and Ambassador John Winant hammered out a deal with Sengier and the Belgian government in May 1944 for the mine to be reopened and 1,720 short tons (1,560 t) of ore to be purchased at $1.45 a pound.[128] To avoid dependence on the British and Canadians for ore, Groves also arranged for the purchase of US Vanadium Corporation's stockpile in Uravan, Colorado. Uranium mining in Colorado yielded about 800 short tons (730 t) of ore.[129]
Mallinckrodt Incorporated in St. Louis, Missouri, took the raw ore and dissolved it in nitric acid to produce uranyl nitrate. Ether was then added in a liquid–liquid extraction process to separate the impurities from the uranyl nitrate. This was then heated to form uranium trioxide, which was reduced to highly pure uranium dioxide.[130] By July 1942, Mallinckrodt was producing a ton of highly pure oxide a day, but turning this into uranium metal initially proved more difficult for contractors Westinghouse and Metal Hydrides.[131] Production was too slow and quality was unacceptably low. A special branch of the Metallurgical Laboratory was established at Iowa State College in Ames, Iowa, under Frank Spedding to investigate alternatives. This became known as the Ames Project, and its Ames process became available in 1943.[132]
Uranium refining at Ames
A "bomb" (pressure vessel) containing uranium halide and sacrificial metal, probably magnesium, being lowered into a furnace
After the reaction, the interior of a bomb coated with remnant slag
A uranium metal "biscuit" from the reduction reaction
Isotope separation
Natural uranium consists of 99.3% uranium-238 and 0.7% uranium-235, but only the latter is fissile. The chemically identical uranium-235 has to be physically separated from the more plentiful isotope. Various methods were considered for uranium enrichment, most of which was carried out at Oak Ridge.[133]
The most obvious technology, the centrifuge, failed, but electromagnetic separation, gaseous diffusion, and thermal diffusion technologies were all successful and contributed to the project. In February 1943, Groves came up with the idea of using the output of some plants as the input for others.[134]
Contour map of the Oak Ridge area. There is a river to the south, while the township is in the north.
Oak Ridge hosted several uranium separation technologies. The Y-12 electromagnetic separation plant is in the upper right. The K-25 and K-27 gaseous diffusion plants are in the lower left, near the S-50 thermal diffusion plant. (The X-10 was for plutonium production.)
The centrifuge process was regarded as the only promising separation method in April 1942.[135] Jesse Beams had developed such a process at the University of Virginia during the 1930s, but had encountered technical difficulties. The process required high rotational speeds, but at certain speeds harmonic vibrations developed that threatened to tear the machinery apart. It was therefore necessary to accelerate quickly through these speeds. In 1941 he began working with uranium hexafluoride, the only known gaseous compound of uranium, and was able to separate uranium-235. At Columbia, Urey had Karl Cohen investigate the process, and he produced a body of mathematical theory making it possible to design a centrifugal separation unit, which Westinghouse undertook to construct.[136]
Scaling this up to a production plant presented a formidable technical challenge. Urey and Cohen estimated that producing a kilogram (2.2 lb) of uranium-235 per day would require up to 50,000 centrifuges with 1-meter (3 ft 3 in) rotors, or 10,000 centrifuges with 4-meter (13 ft) rotors, assuming that 4-meter rotors could be built. The prospect of keeping so many rotors operating continuously at high speed appeared daunting,[137] and when Beams ran his experimental apparatus, he obtained only 60% of the predicted yield, indicating that more centrifuges would be required. Beams, Urey and Cohen then began work on a series of improvements which promised to increase the efficiency of the process. However, frequent failures of motors, shafts and bearings at high speeds delayed work on the pilot plant.[138] In November 1942 the centrifuge process was abandoned by the Military Policy Committee following a recommendation by Conant, Nichols and August C. Klein of Stone & Webster.[139]
Although the centrifuge method was abandoned by the Manhattan Project, research into it advanced significantly after the war with the introduction of the Zippe-type centrifuge, which was developed in the Soviet Union by Soviet and captured German engineers.[140] It eventually became the preferred method of Uranium isotope separation, being far more economical than the other separation methods used during WWII.[141]
Electromagnetic separation
Main article: Y-12 Project
Electromagnetic isotope separation was developed by Lawrence at the University of California Radiation Laboratory. This method employed devices known as calutrons, a hybrid of the standard laboratory mass spectrometer and the cyclotron magnet. The name was derived from the words California, university and cyclotron.[142] In the electromagnetic process, a magnetic field deflected charged particles according to mass.[143] The process was neither scientifically elegant nor industrially efficient.[144] Compared with a gaseous diffusion plant or a nuclear reactor, an electromagnetic separation plant would consume more scarce materials, require more manpower to operate, and cost more to build. Nonetheless, the process was approved because it was based on proven technology and therefore represented less risk. Moreover, it could be built in stages, and rapidly reach industrial capacity.[142]
A large oval-shaped structure
Alpha I racetrack at Y-12
Marshall and Nichols discovered that the electromagnetic isotope separation process would require 5,000 short tons (4,500 tonnes) of copper, which was in desperately short supply. However, silver could be substituted, in an 11:10 ratio. On 3 August 1942, Nichols met with Under Secretary of the Treasury Daniel W. Bell and asked for the transfer of 6,000 tons of silver bullion from the West Point Bullion Depository. "Young man," Bell told him, "you may think of silver in tons but the Treasury will always think of silver in troy ounces!"[145] Eventually, 14,700 short tons (13,300 tonnes; 430,000,000 troy ounces) were used.[146]
The 1,000-troy-ounce (31 kg) silver bars were cast into cylindrical billets and taken to Phelps Dodge in Bayway, New Jersey, where they were extruded into strips 0.625 inches (15.9 mm) thick, 3 inches (76 mm) wide and 40 feet (12 m) long. These were wound onto magnetic coils by Allis-Chalmers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After the war, all the machinery was dismantled and cleaned and the floorboards beneath the machinery were ripped up and burned to recover minute amounts of silver. In the end, only 1/3,600,000th was lost.[146][147] The last silver was returned in May 1970.[148]
Responsibility for the design and construction of the electromagnetic separation plant, which came to be called Y-12, was assigned to Stone & Webster by the S-1 Committee in June 1942. The design called for five first-stage processing units, known as Alpha racetracks, and two units for final processing, known as Beta racetracks. In September 1943 Groves authorized construction of four more racetracks, known as Alpha II. Construction began in February 1943.[149]
When the plant was started up for testing on schedule in October, the 14-ton vacuum tanks crept out of alignment because of the power of the magnets, and had to be fastened more securely. A more serious problem arose when the magnetic coils started shorting out. In December Groves ordered a magnet to be broken open, and handfuls of rust were found inside. Groves then ordered the racetracks to be torn down and the magnets sent back to the factory to be cleaned. A pickling plant was established on-site to clean the pipes and fittings.[144] The second Alpha I was not operational until the end of January 1944, the first Beta and first and third Alpha I's came online in March, and the fourth Alpha I was operational in April. The four Alpha II racetracks were completed between July and October 1944.[150]
A long corridor with many consoles with dials and switches, attended by women seated on high stools
Calutron Girls were young women who monitored calutron control panels at Y-12. Gladys Owens, seated in the foreground, was unaware of what she had been involved with until seeing this photo on a public tour of the facility 50 years later. Photo by Ed Westcott.[151]
Tennessee Eastman was contracted to manage Y-12 on the usual cost plus fixed-fee basis, with a fee of $22,500 per month plus $7,500 per racetrack for the first seven racetracks and $4,000 per additional racetrack.[152] The calutrons were initially operated by scientists from Berkeley to remove bugs and achieve a reasonable operating rate. They were then turned over to trained Tennessee Eastman operators who had only a high school education. Nichols compared unit production data, and pointed out to Lawrence that the young "hillbilly" girl operators were outperforming his PhDs. They agreed to a production race and Lawrence lost, a morale boost for the Tennessee Eastman workers and supervisors. The girls were "trained like soldiers not to reason why", while "the scientists could not refrain from time-consuming investigation of the cause of even minor fluctuations of the dials."[153]
Y-12 initially enriched the uranium-235 content to between 13% and 15%, and shipped the first few hundred grams of this to Los Alamos in March 1944. Only 1 part in 5,825 of the uranium feed emerged as final product. Much of the rest was splattered over equipment in the process. Strenuous recovery efforts helped raise production to 10% of the uranium-235 feed by January 1945. In February the Alpha racetracks began receiving slightly enriched (1.4%) feed from the new S-50 thermal diffusion plant. The next month it received enhanced (5%) feed from the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant. By August K-25 was producing uranium sufficiently enriched to feed directly into the Beta tracks.[154]
Gaseous diffusion
Main article: K-25
The most promising but also the most challenging method of isotope separation was gaseous diffusion. Graham's law states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular mass, so in a box containing a semi-permeable membrane and a mixture of two gases, the lighter molecules will pass out of the container more rapidly than the heavier molecules. The gas leaving the container is somewhat enriched in the lighter molecules, while the residual gas is somewhat depleted. The idea was that such boxes could be formed into a cascade of pumps and membranes, with each successive stage containing a slightly more enriched mixture. Research into the process was carried out at Columbia University by a group that included Harold Urey, Karl P. Cohen, and John R. Dunning.[155]
Oblique aerial view of an enormous U-shaped building
Oak Ridge K-25 plant
In November 1942 the Military Policy Committee approved the construction of a 600-stage gaseous diffusion plant.[156] On 14 December, M. W. Kellogg accepted an offer to construct the plant, which was codenamed K-25. A cost plus fixed-fee contract was negotiated, eventually totaling $2.5 million. A separate corporate entity called Kellex was created for the project, headed by Percival C. Keith, one of Kellogg's vice presidents.[157] The process faced formidable technical difficulties. The highly corrosive gas uranium hexafluoride would have to be used, as no substitute could be found, and the motors and pumps would have to be vacuum tight and enclosed in inert gas. The biggest problem was the design of the barrier, which would have to be strong, porous and resistant to corrosion by uranium hexafluoride. The best choice for this seemed to be nickel. Edward Adler and Edward Norris created a mesh barrier from electroplated nickel. A six-stage pilot plant was built at Columbia to test the process, but the Norris-Adler prototype proved to be too brittle. A rival barrier was developed from powdered nickel by Kellex, the Bell Telephone Laboratories and the Bakelite Corporation. In January 1944, Groves ordered the Kellex barrier into production.[158][159]
Kellex's design for K-25 called for a four-story 0.5-mile (0.80 km) long U-shaped structure containing 54 contiguous buildings. These were divided into nine sections. Within these were cells of six stages. The cells could be operated independently, or consecutively within a section. Similarly, the sections could be operated separately or as part of a single cascade. A survey party began construction by marking out the 500-acre (2.0 km2) site in May 1943. Work on the main building began in October 1943, and the six-stage pilot plant was ready for operation on 17 April 1944. In 1945 Groves canceled the upper stages of the plant, directing Kellex to instead design and build a 540-stage side feed unit, which became known as K-27. Kellex transferred the last unit to the operating contractor, Union Carbide and Carbon, on 11 September 1945. The total cost, including the K-27 plant completed after the war, came to $480 million.[160]
The production plant commenced operation in February 1945, and as cascade after cascade came online, the quality of the product increased. By April 1945, K-25 had attained a 1.1% enrichment and the output of the S-50 thermal diffusion plant began being used as feed. Some product produced the next month reached nearly 7% enrichment. In August, the last of the 2,892 stages commenced operation. K-25 and K-27 achieved their full potential in the early postwar period, when they eclipsed the other production plants and became the prototypes for a new generation of plants.[161]
Thermal diffusion
Main article: S-50 Project
The thermal diffusion process was based on Sydney Chapman and David Enskog's theory, which explained that when a mixed gas passes through a temperature gradient, the heavier one tends to concentrate at the cold end and the lighter one at the warm end. Since hot gases tend to rise and cool ones tend to fall, this can be used as a means of isotope separation. This process was first demonstrated by Klaus Clusius and Gerhard Dickel in Germany in 1938.[162] It was developed by US Navy scientists, but was not one of the enrichment technologies initially selected for use in the Manhattan Project. This was primarily due to doubts about its technical feasibility, but the inter-service rivalry between the Army and Navy also played a part.[163]
A factory with three smoking chimneys on a river bend, viewed from above
The S-50 plant is the dark building to the upper left behind the Oak Ridge powerhouse (with smoke stacks).
The Naval Research Laboratory continued the research under Philip Abelson's direction, but there was little contact with the Manhattan Project until April 1944, when Captain William S. Parsons, the naval officer in charge of ordnance development at Los Alamos, brought Oppenheimer news of encouraging progress in the Navy's experiments on thermal diffusion. Oppenheimer wrote to Groves suggesting that the output of a thermal diffusion plant could be fed into Y-12. Groves set up a committee consisting of Warren K. Lewis, Eger Murphree and Richard Tolman to investigate the idea, and they estimated that a thermal diffusion plant costing $3.5 million could enrich 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium per week to nearly 0.9% uranium-235. Groves approved its construction on 24 June 1944.[164]
Groves contracted with the H. K. Ferguson Company of Cleveland, Ohio, to build the thermal diffusion plant, which was designated S-50. Groves's advisers, Karl Cohen and W. I. Thompson from Standard Oil,[165] estimated that it would take six months to build. Groves gave Ferguson just four. Plans called for the installation of 2,142 48-foot-tall (15 m) diffusion columns arranged in 21 racks. Inside each column were three concentric tubes. Steam, obtained from the nearby K-25 powerhouse at a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch (690 kPa) and temperature of 545 °F (285 °C), flowed downward through the innermost 1.25-inch (32 mm) nickel pipe, while water at 155 °F (68 °C) flowed upward through the outermost iron pipe. The uranium hexafluoride flowed in the middle copper pipe, and isotope separation of the uranium occurred between the nickel and copper pipes.[166]
Work commenced on 9 July 1944, and S-50 began partial operation in September. Ferguson operated the plant through a subsidiary known as Fercleve. The plant produced just 10.5 pounds (4.8 kg) of 0.852% uranium-235 in October. Leaks limited production and forced shutdowns over the next few months, but in June 1945 it produced 12,730 pounds (5,770 kg).[167] By March 1945, all 21 production racks were operating. Initially the output of S-50 was fed into Y-12, but starting in March 1945 all three enrichment processes were run in series. S-50 became the first stage, enriching from 0.71% to 0.89%. This material was fed into the gaseous diffusion process in the K-25 plant, which produced a product enriched to about 23%. This was, in turn, fed into Y-12,[168] which boosted it to about 89%, sufficient for nuclear weapons.[169]
Aggregate U-235 production
About 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium enriched to 89% uranium-235 was delivered to Los Alamos by July 1945.[169] The entire 50 kg, along with some 50%-enriched, averaging out to about 85% enriched, were used in Little Boy.[169]
The second line of development pursued by the Manhattan Project used the fissile element plutonium. Although small amounts of plutonium exist in nature, the best way to obtain large quantities of the element is in a nuclear reactor, in which natural uranium is bombarded by neutrons. The uranium-238 is transmuted into uranium-239, which rapidly decays, first into neptunium-239 and then into plutonium-239.[170] Only a small amount of the uranium-238 will be transformed, so the plutonium must be chemically separated from the remaining uranium, from any initial impurities, and from fission products.[170]
X-10 Graphite Reactor
Main article: X-10 Graphite Reactor
Two workmen on a movable platform similar to that used by window washers, stick a rod into one of many small holes in the wall in front of them.
Workers load uranium slugs into the X-10 Graphite Reactor.
In March 1943, DuPont began construction of a plutonium plant on a 112-acre (0.5 km2) site at Oak Ridge. Intended as a pilot plant for the larger production facilities at Hanford, it included the air-cooled X-10 Graphite Reactor, a chemical separation plant, and support facilities. Because of the subsequent decision to construct water-cooled reactors at Hanford, only the chemical separation plant operated as a true pilot.[171] The X-10 Graphite Reactor consisted of a huge block of graphite, 24 feet (7.3 m) long on each side, weighing around 1,500 short tons (1,400 t), surrounded by 7 feet (2.1 m) of high-density concrete as a radiation shield.[171]
The greatest difficulty was encountered with the uranium slugs produced by Mallinckrodt and Metal Hydrides. These somehow had to be coated in aluminum to avoid corrosion and the escape of fission products into the cooling system. The Grasselli Chemical Company attempted to develop a hot dipping process without success. Meanwhile, Alcoa tried canning. A new process for flux-less welding was developed, and 97% of the cans passed a standard vacuum test, but high temperature tests indicated a failure rate of more than 50%. Nonetheless, production began in June 1943. The Metallurgical Laboratory eventually developed an improved welding technique with the help of General Electric, which was incorporated into the production process in October 1943.[172]
Watched by Fermi and Compton, the X-10 Graphite Reactor went critical on 4 November 1943 with about 30 short tons (27 t) of uranium. A week later the load was increased to 36 short tons (33 t), raising its power generation to 500 kW, and by the end of the month the first 500 mg of plutonium was created.[173] Modifications over time raised the power to 4,000 kW in July 1944. X-10 operated as a production plant until January 1945, when it was turned over to research activities.[174]
Hanford reactors
Main article: Hanford Site
Although an air-cooled design was chosen for the reactor at Oak Ridge to facilitate rapid construction, it was recognized that this would be impractical for the much larger production reactors. Initial designs by the Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont used helium for cooling, before they determined that a water-cooled reactor would be simpler, cheaper and quicker to build.[175] The design did not become available until 4 October 1943; in the meantime, Matthias concentrated on improving the Hanford Site by erecting accommodations, improving the roads, building a railway switch line, and upgrading the electricity, water and telephone lines.[176]
An aerial view of the Hanford B-Reactor site from June 1944. At center is the reactor building. Small trucks dot the landscape and give a sense of scale. Two large water towers loom above the plant.
Aerial view of Hanford B-Reactor site, June 1944
As at Oak Ridge, the most difficulty was encountered while canning the uranium slugs, which commenced at Hanford in March 1944. They were pickled to remove dirt and impurities, dipped in molten bronze, tin, and aluminum-silicon alloy, canned using hydraulic presses, and then capped using arc welding under an argon atmosphere. Finally, they were subjected to a series of tests to detect holes or faulty welds. Disappointingly, most canned slugs initially failed the tests, resulting in an output of only a handful of canned slugs per day. But steady progress was made and by June 1944 production increased to the point where it appeared that enough canned slugs would be available to start Reactor B on schedule in August 1944.[177]
Work began on Reactor B, the first of six planned 250 MW reactors, on 10 October 1943.[178] The reactor complexes were given letter designations A through F, with B, D and F sites chosen to be developed first, as this maximised the distance between the reactors. They would be the only ones constructed during the Manhattan Project.[179] Some 390 short tons (350 t) of steel, 17,400 cubic yards (13,300 m3) of concrete, 50,000 concrete blocks and 71,000 concrete bricks were used to construct the 120-foot (37 m) high building.
Construction of the reactor itself commenced in February 1944.[180] Watched by Compton, Matthias, DuPont's Crawford Greenewalt, Leona Woods and Fermi, who inserted the first slug, the reactor was powered up beginning on 13 September 1944. Over the next few days, 838 tubes were loaded and the reactor went critical. Shortly after midnight on 27 September, the operators began to withdraw the control rods to initiate production. At first all appeared well but around 03:00 the power level started to drop and by 06:30 the reactor had shut down completely. The cooling water was investigated to see if there was a leak or contamination. The next day the reactor started up again, only to shut down once more.[181][182]
Fermi contacted Chien-Shiung Wu, who identified the cause of the problem as neutron poisoning from xenon-135, which has a half-life of 9.2 hours.[183] Fermi, Woods, Donald J. Hughes and John Archibald Wheeler then calculated the nuclear cross section of xenon-135, which turned out to be 30,000 times that of uranium.[184] DuPont engineer George Graves had deviated from the Metallurgical Laboratory's original design in which the reactor had 1,500 tubes arranged in a circle, and had added an additional 504 tubes to fill in the corners. The scientists had originally considered this overengineering a waste of time and money, but Fermi realized that by loading all 2,004 tubes, the reactor could reach the required power level and efficiently produce plutonium.[185] Reactor D was started on 17 December 1944 and Reactor F on 25 February 1945.[186]
Separation process
A contour map showing the fork of the Columbia and Yakima rivers and the boundary of the land, with seven small red squares marked on it
Map of the Hanford Site. Railroads flank the plants to the north and south. Reactors are the three northernmost red squares, along the Columbia River. The separation plants are the lower two red squares from the grouping south of the reactors. The bottom red square is the 300 area.
Meanwhile, the chemists considered the problem of how plutonium could be separated from uranium when its chemical properties were not known. Working with the minute quantities of plutonium available at the Metallurgical Laboratory in 1942, a team under Charles M. Cooper developed a lanthanum fluoride process for separating uranium and plutonium, which was chosen for the pilot separation plant. A second separation process, the bismuth phosphate process, was subsequently developed by Seaborg and Stanly G. Thomson.[187] This process worked by toggling plutonium between its +4 and +6 oxidation states in solutions of bismuth phosphate. In the former state, the plutonium was precipitated; in the latter, it stayed in solution and the other products were precipitated.[188]
Greenewalt favored the bismuth phosphate process due to the corrosive nature of lanthanum fluoride, and it was selected for the Hanford separation plants.[189] Once X-10 began producing plutonium, the pilot separation plant was put to the test. The first batch was processed at 40% efficiency but over the next few months this was raised to 90%.[174]
At Hanford, top priority was initially given to the installations in the 300 area. This contained buildings for testing materials, preparing uranium, and assembling and calibrating instrumentation. One of the buildings housed the canning equipment for the uranium slugs, while another contained a small test reactor. Notwithstanding the high priority allocated to it, work on the 300 area fell behind schedule due to the unique and complex nature of the 300 area facilities, and wartime shortages of labor and materials.[190]
Early plans called for the construction of two separation plants in each of the areas known as 200-West and 200-East. This was subsequently reduced to two, the T and U plants, in 200-West and one, the B plant, at 200-East.[191] Each separation plant consisted of four buildings: a process cell building or "canyon" (known as 221), a concentration building (224), a purification building (231) and a magazine store (213). The canyons were each 800 feet (240 m) long and 65 feet (20 m) wide. Each consisted of forty 17.7-by-13-by-20-foot (5.4 by 4.0 by 6.1 m) cells.[192]
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2020.06.13 07:22 ChaosTheoryGoldblum Here's why I bought 120 contracts for a $25C 06/19 on Hertz.

Here's why I bought 120 contracts for a $25C 06/19 on Hertz.
The golden boy of the RH Bull gang... Sit down and let me spin you a yarn about how I came to the shining beacon of light Hertz.
It was 1985. Without any prospects of a love life, I signed up for a VHS mail-in dating service. That's when Ronda came in my life, we talked for hours. I didn't have much money though, so I used the pay phone down by the honky-tonk bar. Eventually our lustful ways couldn't be subdued and we agreed to meet.
The next day, I packed my things. Ninja stars, my eight-track player, a copy of Hustler, and my favorite pube comb "Johnny Flame".
The Hertz dealership was right next door to my hut in the retention ditch by the road. I'd fashioned it out of old cardboard boxes and chewing gum I'd taken out of dirty ash trays.
At first, I didn't think they rent to me. I'd been caught once siphoning gas out of the Ford Pintos and huffing it behind the employee break area. But it had been awhile and I need a sweet ride. So I walked in confidently. After all, I had stuffed my wranglers to the brim with old aluminum foil. No balls no brass tacks.
If it's not obvious, I meant business.
The young gun behind the counter stared at me, "Sir I told you last time, you can't keep getting free coffee here. Please leave"
"Not today slick. I need a hot ride." I snorted, flecks of coke-laded snot spraying the countertop.
"Yea sonny. I've been playing the stratchers. Here look."
I held up a bag of quarters I'd gotten from the parking meters. Not rocket science, just the mighty power of a methamphetamine induced strength. That of ten autists.
"Sir please, I can't take that. It won't even fit in the register"
" This is America and I will not be denied my right to due process"
"No listen here, I didn't go to fight and die for my country in Vietnam to hear you gum me about my finances. Now give me a damn car so I can see my hot girl Ronda."
"Who.." He trailed off and gazed, choices needed to be made. As his eyes fell down to my rocking python bulge, he somehow mumbled, "Okay okay, I'll rent you a car we only have the Ford Pinto outside. It's a bit beat up but it'll ride."
Then I was off to see my sweet Rhonda. We agreed to meet at the Armadillo Bar in Tucson Arizona.
Man what a smooth ride it was. This thing was a bitchin' sex machine. I pulled up to the parking lot and got out. Moments after I took a few steps, a weird haze filled my brain , like there were eyes burning through my finely comb mullet.
Never have I felt so unnerved and I've done my far share of illegal donkey shows down in Tijuana.
A voice called out, " Sonny! Come here."
I froze and turned, an old man hunched over a walker complete with Guy Fieri-esque flames down the side. Quite the nice touch. Long flowing hair jutted out from his head but no hair sat upon it.
"Listen old man, I'm trying to wet my whistle and eat some down south chowder on my lady friend." I was surprised at my courage, like some defense mechanism was triggered by the ghost of Christmas Douche visiting me.
"You still got Johnny Flame?"
How could he know. He narrowed his eyes and waddled closer, "Ahhh you haven't realized."
I couldn't respond.
"Listen here and don't talk. I'm you from the future and I came back to tell you something."
Could it be true? I looked him up and down. I blurted out, "How? That's impossible. You must been Rhonda's friend joking with me. Now scooter on out of here."
"No I'm not and I'm gunna prove it . In 1977, you, or I guess we, snuck on down to the Miller's old house and started sniffing the neighbors panties we never got caught because we were just too slick."
"How could you know that? I never told anyone?"
"Listen I don't have time here boy, you need to listen up. It was very dangerous to get here, I had to spike like five security guards and blow the CSO . I just need to tell you one thing."
"In the future you ain't got nothing. just like you do now down in them cardboard huts. Now in the future, it's bitching because they got that VR porn but you ain't got no money. We bet the house in 2020, those Stocktwits and big sacked Bulls kept telling us to buy Hertz. They said it don't matter if they ain't got no money or are tied up in them courts. It's a sure thing they said. Something about tendies."
I interrupted, "Look if you ain't full of shit, you know I'm really trying to see Rhonda so spit it out future me and say what you gotta say."
He turned grim, like I'd pissed on his boots.
"I'll give you one piece of advice."
"Buy Hertz."
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2020.06.05 21:00 portlane Robert Leeper (April 25, 1947 - June 2, 2020)

Robert Evan Leeper
April 25, 1947 - June 2, 2020
Robert Evan Leeper "Bob" was born in Yakima, Wash., April 25, 1947 and he died peacefully June 2, 2020 in Portland, with his wife Jeannie at his side.
Bob was born to William J. and Phyllis J. Leeper, the younger of two sons. At the age of 5, the family moved to Salem, Ore., where his parents opened Leeper's Office Equipment Co. After high school Bob attended the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Wash., graduating with a B.A. in Business Administration as a member of their Honors Program. Concurrently, Bob was commissioned into the United States Air Force serving two tours: at Plattsburgh Air Force base in Plattsburgh, New York; and the 7th Air Force Headquarters in Saigon, Vietnam. He completed his service with the rank of Captain after three and a half years.
Bob returned to the family business in Oregon and assisted in its impressive growth. During this time, Bob also served as president of Environetics, Inc., and for a period of time was Chairman of the Board of the Northwest Wholesale Stationers Inc. both in Portland.
In 1989, Bob married Jeannie in their new home on Bainbridge Island, Wash., where they lived happily for 18 years. Bob built several custom homes on the island before returning to Portland in 2005. Over the last 15 years he and Jeannie have shared their time between Portland and Tucson, Ariz., both of which he considered home.
Bob had the gift of building community wherever he was. He greeted everyone with a warm smile and was always quick to share a hug. He was an avid hiker, traveling to the Patagonia regions of South America, the Pyrenees mountains in southern France, Nova Scotia, Canada, and across the United States. He also cherished his time at home—cooking with his grandchildren, singing hymns at the First Unitarian Universalist Church in Portland, and supporting causes that provide care to humanity and the environment.
Bob wishes to thank the Kaiser Permanente cancer care staff at Kaiser's Interstate Oncology clinic who assisted him in his five-year journey with multiple myeloma, especially Soames Boyle, MD; Mary Ryan, RN; and Marcie Olsen, MSW.
Bob was preceded in death by his parents; and by his brother, William C. Leeper. He is survived by his wife, Jeannie E. Leeper; his children, Michael Leeper (Stephanie), Mary Beth Sheehan (Patrick), Anne Miller (Michael), Matt Bronson (Molly); and his seven grandchildren who will carry on his legacy. A memorial service will be held at a later date at First Unitarian Church. He will be interned at Willamette National Cemetery in Portland, with full military honors.
Gifts in Bob's remembrance may be made to the Spoon Foundation in Portland: Spoon Foundation Attn: Director of Engagement,135 S.E. Main Street #201, Portland, OR 97214, 503-954-2524.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=robert-evan-leeper&pid=196301461
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]

2020.05.20 21:01 portlane Stephen Lockwood (Feb. 8, 1939 - Jan. 15, 2020)

Stephen Morse Lockwood
Feb. 8, 1939 - Jan. 15, 2020
Steve was born in Portland, Feb. 8, 1939 to William "Bill" Edwin and Helen Scott (Guild) Lockwood. Young Steve enjoyed scouting, skiing, family camping trips and visits to the Oregon Coast, all infused with his trademark smile, quick wit, clever ideas (some mischievous) and humor, which he later described as "sometimes unfortunate."
In 1956, Steve graduated from Lincoln High School in Portland. He briefly attended Reed College, leaving to marry Sally Louise Leech. They soon welcomed their son, Brent and two years later, Dale.
Steve began his 30 year career "fixing phones" at Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Co. Servicing radio repeater stations on mountaintops was perhaps his favorite assignment. During a stint in Human Resources, he interviewed about 5,000 candidates for technical jobs. His career culminated as Operations Manager for Oregon, overseeing all AT&T operations for Oregon and managing major computer upgrades without disrupting customer service. In an era of managers dressing formally, Steve sported bow ties, khaki pants and white socks.
Steve's noteworthy 1970's volunteer service, encouraged by Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone, was on two major committees that exemplified his interest in the relationship between land use and air quality: he served as the Cities of Clackamas County representative on the Columbia Region Area Government's Citizen Advisory Committee that established the Portland region's first Urban Growth Boundary, and chaired the Oregon DEQ Air Quality Advisory Committee that implemented the 1977 Clean Air Act amendments in Oregon.
In 1984, Steve married Molly O'Reilly, and upon retiring in 1987, they toured the continent in a VW van he remodeled for camping. Canoe atop, they wandered happily for nine months. Upon returning to Portland, Steve designed and built homes, starting with their own, then one for friends at the Oregon Coast.
Steve next bought SV Halo, an ocean-worthy Cape George 31 sailboat. He and Molly sailed five months per year for four years starting behind Vancouver Island, then north to the Haida Gwaii Archipelago (Queen Charlotte Islands), to Hawaii and back, and north to Lituya Bay, Alaska. Emboldened, in 1995, Steve outfitted Halo for cruising and the couple headed for Ecuador and destinations in the South Pacific. They flew home annually to visit family, and in 1999 sailed back from Australia, settling in Sandpoint to be near family.
In Sandpoint, Steve continued sailing, hiking, camping and spending time with family and friends. He envisioned, designed and constructed with his son Brent an award-winning, small, sustainable apartment community, focused on energy efficiency and livability. Steve also served on the Board of the Lake Pend Oreille School District (which educated four of his grandchildren: Ben, Jessica, Danielle and Laura), the Sandpoint Planning and Zoning Commission, the Sandpoint City Council, the Sandpoint Urban Renewal Board and the boards of Idaho Smart Growth, the Kinnikinnick Native Plant Society, and the Idaho Conservation League. In 2018 he ran for Bonner County Commissioner, raising important concerns and ideas, despite an ultimately unsuccessful bid.
In a Jan. 23, 2020 tribute to Steve, the Sandpoint Reader wrote: "Beyond all the offices he held and the volunteer hours he donated, Steve's real gift to his fellow citizens was his example. Through his energy, breadth of knowledge and experience, keen analytical sense and – most important – his humor, Steve showed us all what it really means to be a contributor to society: not a critic nor a snide commentator, not a gadfly or a keyboard warrior, not a partisan ideologue nor a political grandstander.
Steve's commitment to his adopted hometown was a living portrait of an engaged citizen; the kind of person so often alluded to as an ideal, but so infrequently met in real life. Always constructive, always collaborative and always challenging others to meet him on the high road..."
On Jan. 15, 2020, Steve died unexpectedly at his winter home in Tucson, Ariz. He had been suffering from Stage 4 Lymphoma, though he was adept at masking the severity of his medical conditions and symptoms. His glowing smile, quick sense of humor and fun, insights and friendliness are sorely missed. Steve was self-educated and capable in many fields, growing throughout his life with self-reflection and humility.
Steve was predeceased by his son, Brian, from his second marriage. He is survived by his widow, Molly; first wife, Sally Lockwood; sons, Brent (Gretchen), Dale (Corinna), Andrew (by second wife, Rita); his sister, Susan (David) Swanson; niece, Amy; nephew, Scott (Lisa), and his grandchildren; and great-grandchildren.
The family is planning a memorial for Steve in Sandpoint Idaho. Date tba in light of current social isolation. In lieu of flowers, family suggests remembrances to Idaho Conservation League, Kinnikinnick Native Plant Society or the Bonner County Human Rights Task Force.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=stephen-morse-lockwood&pid=196218011
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]

2020.05.12 17:18 Idontknowflycasual A wild (and long) Death and Floral review appeared!

First- this is my first time EVER writing up a fragrance review so definitely don't consider this an expert's opinion.
Second- D&F's customer service is out of this world. I love seeing brand owners active in their target communities! Shoutout to u/Potato_Quesodilla for being excellent.
Anyway- onto the review! I got four samples (plus two freebies) and two 5 ml rollerballs. I didn't dislike any of the scents I got, which is unusual for me- usually when I order perfumes there's at least one dud.
Thanks for reading! Overall, I definitely recommend purchasing from Death and Floral. The order came perfectly packaged. In addition to the perfumes, there was a cute little sticker which now adorns the back of my laptop. TAT from clicking "place order" to receiving them at my doorstep was 11 days, which is awesome.
submitted by Idontknowflycasual to Indiemakeupandmore [link] [comments]

2020.05.10 02:01 SpiralsInside Planning a Month Long Hiking/Camping Roadtrip to National Parks in the USA

Planning a Month Long Hiking/Camping Roadtrip to National Parks in the USA
Hi Redditors,
My name is Rizz. I am a Facepainting and FX makeup business owner from the suburbs of Detroit, Mi. Due to Covid, my circumstances have changed drastically. I am basically out of work until my state can hold events again, as that’s where my artists and I perform. I cannot express how sad that makes me. I have a team of 8-15 artists that work for my company on a given season. I have done this for 10 years and I am going crazy not being able to have fun with the kids and paint. All of my investments are tied up in my company, its my love and my baby.
I have been an avid hiker for about 4 years and hiked sometimes before that. In fact, I lost 80 lbs hiking back in 2017. I have always been exploratory, and I am a practicing pagan. Hiking is a calming, healing, religious experience to me. Sleeping outside is as well. I have experience with trails graded up to moderate, and can do up to 10 miles at a time if I’m in it to win it. I have climbed several mountains, my record being 3.5k elevation gain in one day. I have some, but minimal experience with trails that require scrambling, are high altitude, and cold weather hiking. I swim well and have been kayaking for about 5 years. I own a nice Old Town fishing kayak, which I will not be bringing.
I am also an experienced camper with probably over 1k$ in gear and weeks of hours at campsites. Almost all the camping I have done is fair weather, between 50- and 90-degrees F. I have never camped outside of Michigan and Ohio. I have participated in shelter building and “Alone” style outdoor survival events. Overall, I feel comfortable and happy at a campsite. I am proficient in campfire cooking and can get a fire going without accelerant. My family is from Tucson, Phoenix, and Lake Havasu City, AZ. While I have never camped there, I have lots of knowledge of desert hazards, climate, and wildlife.
I am planning a long roadtrip/hiking trip/camping extravaganza I am calling “Hike My Legs Off.” I intend to leave home in the Detroit Area on June 3 and return July 3, just 3 days before my 30th birthday. I will be going with my 80lb Whippet/Pitbull mix Nugget, just she and I.
This post holds several purposes. I’d like to document my whole experience, diary style, for myself to enjoy later in life and for others to enjoy now. It is for my personal safety, should anything happen. It is also so others can read and comment, opinions, tips, stories of their own. Maybe even inspire others to travel. I am especially interested in locals of the areas that I am visiting commenting on hazards or cool, hidden hiking gems in the area. For my personal safety, my exact location will be private but I can get as specific as towns and parks. I am also happy to answer any questions.
I am very grateful for my situation during Covid. I am safe, and my family and friends are too. My heart deeply goes out to those who are more heavily affected by this circumstance that I am. I have access to (lots) of disposable medical grade PPE, which I am grateful for as well. I have done and will continue to do everything within my power to be an intelligent, caring human being and stop the spread. However, I decided I will not live my life in fear.
I have been spending most of my free time at the local State Parks, hiking on trails and kayaking as flighty Michigan Weather allows. The parks are busier than normal, but even so, on the trails and rivers, social distancing is easy. I am of the mindset that parks and campgrounds (not indoor lodging) should remain open with limited capacity. We as human beings, products of nature, feel an innate desire to seek inspiration from the beautiful world around us when things get hard. At least, I do. With most of my expenses and responsibilities put on hold for the time being, a thought entered my mind that I’m sure many here know deeply, an itch that won’t go away of its own accord and must be scratched.
Road Trip.
A million IF’s entered my head. Is this a responsible decision? Is it financially feasible? Can I even travel now? Are campsites open? Will I be safe alone?
I know a lot of you won’t agree with me, and that’s okay. We should all be doing what is best for our neighbors first off. I believe I can accomplish this plan with the right level of intelligence and PPE without endangering anybody. Because of my business, I have rubbing alcohol (it removes our temporary tattoos and cleans the airbrushes) and gloves stockpiled and did before the virus. They are stock requirements; I have not purchased any since February. I did have trouble getting disposable medical grade masks (the fabric ones are nice, but unless they have an actual filter, they don’t do a whole lot) but was recently able to buy a 50 pack and have it shipped over. If I thought I could put anybody even minimally at risk, I would stay at home and do all those silly virtual tours the National Parks are pushing on everybody at the moment. I tried to envision all the times I’d need to interact with others. Gas and groceries. Check in/check out of campsites. Umm…… That’s really all I can think of. With social distancing and capacity orders still in place at most stores, and with the addiction of my PPE, I believe I can do those things safely. Otherwise, I have no desire to be indoors. If I’m going to travel the country, I want to be outside in it as much as possible. Avoiding people has been a goal of mine since age 12. I’m basically a pro now. So yes, I feel I can do this in a responsible manner.
Luckily, I was able to acquire unemployment as my state allowed 1099 workers such as myself to qualify. I did everything I could to be sure my artists got covered, too. Everybody in my company is taken care of. With careful budgeting, and after running some numbers, and with the thanks of gas prices and a National Parks Pass, I should be able to do the whole trip and still have some cash left over to save for my business when things recover.
As far as traveling state-to-state goes, I’ve heard whispers of some states closing their boarders to travelers, mostly in the east and south (Jersey, Georgia, Texas) it appears to be fully legal to travel cross country. Lots of states have quarantine-in-place requirements for anybody traveling there from a different state. Even though I will not have an indoor place to stay, I believe quarantining at a campsite, away from others, and wearing PPE in public is close enough. About halfway through my trip, I won’t be from anywhere anyway. This is the only CDC recommendation I’ll be breaking. It is just that, a recommendation, not a law. It cannot be enforced.
Not only is it legal, our constitution states that a person can not be legally forced to stay anywhere if they are not a criminal, and ya girl is clean as a whistle.
So, are the parks even open? Are campsites Open? We can thank Trumpkin for that one. Almost all of the national parks closed immediately following the uptick of the outbreak in the USA, but since Trump made the “Open up America Again” speech last month, the parks have indeed been doing their park and slowly but surely, one by one, beginning to reopen at least a little.
They are keeping their visitor centers and lodging closed for the most part. But as time goes on, with careful nightly tracking, it is possible to get a campsite at most of the parks I intend to visit. I’ve managed to snag a site inside, or extremely close to, Yellowstone, Zion, Badlands, and Black Canyon of the Gunnison. I am unable, but still hopeful, to get a site at Redwood and Petrified Forest. I fear I will be unable to get a site at Yosemite at all. I am still planning my trip to include a stop there, even if I can’t camp inside Yosemite, I am happy taking a campsite nearby. I’d love to at least drive through. There are national forests still open in the area, and the Pacific Ocean is just a few hours drive. I also intend to visit Saguaro, but my mom lives near Tucson and I’ll be staying at her place. I’d like to camp a night in Saguaro if their sites open, but honestly the Sonoran Desert is not a hospitable place in June. Nighttime is lovely. It’s fine from like 8pm to 7am, but once that sun goes up, you’ll quickly want to be in shaded AC with a Mojito.
If I am unable to get a campsite directly on the park, I’ve been using a website called Hipcamp to find other options. If you don’t know, Hipcamp is a site for private landowners to offer campers a place to stay on their property for usually pretty cheap. It can range from a spot of land in someone’s back yard, to an open cattle ranch, to a hippy commune, to B&B type cabins. It’s a great place to look for campsites if you don’t want to camp in an RV resort while you’re in a tent, or you aren’t willing to spend huge amounts of money at a touristy area. Bonus – lots of Hipcamp sites will allow you to run an extension cord from an outlet somewhere, they usually have access to toilets and sometimes even showers and kitchens. 10/10 recommend for any camper.
As I make reservations on Hipcamp, I’ve been sending the hosts emails just to communicate with them about my arrival time and ask them what precautions I should take regarding Covid while using communal areas at their site. Communication is key and it’s one of the ways I intend to be as safe and responsible as possible.
Another obstacle I’m facing is that my adorable furry copilot, Nugget, will be joining me. National parks do not allow dogs on their hiking trails, but they do allow them within 30 feet of any paved roadway. So, this obviously limits my hiking in the parks anyway. I am allowed to take her on paved scenic walking pathways, usually to overlooks or other interesting features, but that’s pretty much it. It is not an option to leave Nugget at home, the trip is just as much for her as it is for me.
I did invite my best friend Bob to come along with me, and I sincerely hope he can, but I am not holding out hope. He’s flaky on the best of days, and has his own story going on right now. So, I think it will just be me and Nugget.

Me at the peak of Mt. Hualapai, Near Kingman, AZ. 7,5k ft

Look at that fearsome creature. She’s there for my safety. As fearsome as she looks in this photo, she is quite large and can sound dangerous if needed. I’ll feel much safer if I have her. I also have a large machete and bear spray to bring along. I know this is a high risk/high reward trip, and safety is always a top concern. I am decently experienced and feel safe with my dog and my own know-how. I have four emergency contacts with an exact copy of my itinerary, and I have you.
To find hiking trails I can enjoy with Nugget, I’ve been using the ever-popular trail finding website Alltrails. (link) It has all the trails on and off the parks already uploaded, with distance, altitude, photos, and other info. It also has a neat filter that allows me to search for dog friendly trails. So, most of the trails I’ll be hiking won’t be in the actual national parks unfortunately. I am still happy with just being in the area and experiencing the local nature across our wonderful country. Maybe I am just easy to please.
So, without any major roadblocks, I officially said yes and decided to start my trip when I officially booked a campsite at Yellowstone in late April. I was astonished I was even able to get one at all. Aside from Covid, you generally need way more notice to get a campsite there than I gave it. I knew I had to act fast before they were booked up so that night, I decided yes for sure, and booked the site. All my other planning, dates, route, all of it, revolved around that booking.
Since then, I’ve made a 52(!) page trip book outlining the details of my plans, which is always updated. My best friend Bob calls me Leslie Knope. Whatever, Bob. The reason I went so crazy and made a book like that is because I fully expect to not have much cell service at most of the locations I visit, so its very important to have maps printed and ready to use, as well as associating yourself with the location prior to arriving. Know where in the park you want to visit, where the trailheads are, nearest town, nearest gas, before you go. Assume once you leave your driveway, your phone is useless. For safety, I have each day mapped, as well as maps to trailheads, park maps, and trail maps themselves. I have an awesome sense of direction to begin with, but the last thing I need is to become lost somewhere because I was stupid and underprepared. All these maps have also been sent to my emergency contacts. It would be redundant to post all of that, but here is my overview map and plan for the trip.

Overview map - campsites and addresses have been censored
The trip book, in addiction to maps, has my budget, packing list, reservation information for campsites and car, (I’ll be renting a small gas efficient vehicle) dietary plans, to-do list, park campsite information, and the first page is a large text emergency sheet with my medical history and emergency contact information. I’ll carry this document with me in the front seat.
As for equipment, I have pretty much everything I need from pervious camping endeavors. I did splurge on a single burner butane stove, since SOME CAMPSITES (Badlands, cough cough) do not allow campfires as wildfires run rampant. I also bought a lifestraw water filter. If financially possible, I’d love to get a Yeti or something similar to up my meat game.
So, basically that’s where I’m at. I’ve decided to go, despite Covid. I’ve made reservations at 6 of the 10 campsites I’ll be visiting on my trip. I’ve reserved the car but not yet paid for it. (If you ever intend to take a long trip like this, it was actually cheaper for me to buy a Costco membership for a year and use the benefits from that to rent a car, than just renting one without Costco benefits. Costco is also in 40 states and offers discounted gas, hotels, tires, and other stuff. My mom turned me on to the idea, I believe it was a good investment) I have yet to finish reserving sites, I am holding out on some locations I believe will reopen before I leave. I have backup options off Hipcamp if those in-park reservations fall through. I’ve checked with both sets of my parents (they are divorced, mom remarried, dad has a long-time girlfriend) and they are supportive. I also have a mentor, the woman who owned my company before I did, she was my agent for a long time. She is also supportive. All the adults whose opinion I respect are in favor. I’m in favor. The parks are in favor. We’re doing it.
I intend to update periodically with planning changes and answer questions or discuss topics of interest, and once I leave for my trip, post plenty of photos and stories. I sincerely hope this will be a hell of an adventure.
So, what are your comments? Thoughts? Concerns? Am I doing the right thing? Am I going to end up on letsnotmeet or nosleep? Or am I going to end up a Missing 411 case? Am I smart for using this opportunity to chase a dream, when no other opportunities are usually available? Am I irresponsible? Am I forgetting anything? Is there anything you know that you think I should know?
Thanks for your time, hope everyone is well.
Next Entry - https://www.reddit.com/CampingandHiking/comments/gknj5d/planning_a_month_long_hikingcamping_roadtrip_to/
submitted by SpiralsInside to CampingandHiking [link] [comments]

2020.04.29 01:58 SpaceGoldCorp SpaceGold (SGOLD) IEO Announcement

(coming soon.... date will be announced on our website)
SpaceGold Corporation is an off-world mining company based in the United States that engineers proven patented hardware solutions to commercially and autonomously mine Asteroids for precious metals. SpaceGold Corporation was founded by rocket scientist William Mook and metallurgical engineer Hamidreza Jalilian. We have teamed up with other engineers from Boeing, Lockheed Martin, NASA and TriVector Services to design, build, launch and operate satellites that can mine and refine Gold from Asteroids that periodically cross paths with Earth.
The project is being funded through a new ERC20 Ethereum based token called SpaceGold, ticker SGOLD. While cryptocurrency isn’t unique anymore, this token is actually fully redeemable for 240 milligrams of gold after the first 70 metric tons are delivered back to Earth, making it the first series of its kind. For every satellite we send up, there will be a new SGOLD series to follow. Alternatively, SGOLD can be swapped for equity in the total value of the Asteroid reserves we own. SpaceGold Corporation is expected to be valued at a whopping $44 billion by the end of our second year of production.
SpaceGold is registered as a money services provider under FinCen. SGOLD trades at .0041 eth and rises and falls with the price of Ether. We anticipate SGOLD to start trading on our full valuation upon our first successful return.

Intro: How Close Are We To Mining Asteroids? What Is The SpaceGold’s Role?

Website: http://Spacegold.online
Social Media:
Industry Space - Mining & Metals
Headquarters Tucson, AZ, United States
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2020.04.22 11:09 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Wednesday 22nd April

Good morning from the UK. It’s Wednesday 22nd April and today also marks the 50th Earth Day.

Virus news in depth

Air pollution falls by unprecedented levels in major global cities during coronavirus lockdowns - CNN reports that lockdowns restricting travel and industry imposed to halt the spread of coronavirus have resulted in unprecedented reductions in deadly air pollution around the world, new analysis shows. Major cities that suffer from the world's worst air pollution have seen reductions of deadly particulate matter by up to 60% from the previous year, during a three-week lockdowns period. The Indian capital New Delhi -- which frequently tops the world's most polluted city lists -- saw a 60% reduction in PM2.5 levels from March 23 to April 13 from the same period in 2019. Both New Delhi and the country's commercial center Mumbai experienced their best March air quality on record in 2020. During the initial three-week lockdown period, the number of hours rated as "unhealthy" in New Delhi dropped from 68% in 2019 to 17% in 2020. Over the course of Wuhan's 10-week lockdown, the city experienced its cleanest air quality on record for the months of February and March. The average concentration of PM2.5 plunged from 63.2 and 43.9 micrograms per cubic meter in February and March 2019 respectively, to 36.8 and 32.9 in the same months this year. The World Health Organization considers anything above 25 to be unsafe.

Ramadan in a time of plague: 'The best thing is to stay home, stay quiet' - The Guardian points out that the holy month of Ramadan is scheduled to start this week; the ongoing spread of Covid-19 poses unique questions for Muslims around the world, including whether they can access their mosque to pray, whether fasting is still required during a time of plague and whether they can travel home to visit friends and family (such visits are few and far between for many). Many mosques will be closed, the article says including the Ka’bah, the gold-embroidered shrine in Mecca’s Grand Mosque, as well as the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina and Jerusalem’s al-Aqsa mosque. Abdullah Abu Galous, a 38-year-old hardware shop owner from the Palestinian city of Ramallah, said it felt as if Ramadan had been cancelled. “I would never have thought that a tiny virus could stop us from celebrating the month of Ramadan. It has held more than one billion Muslims throughout the world hostage,” he said. Meanwhile, several Arab newspapers have carried expert assurances that fasting has not been shown to reduce resistance to the virus. Al-Azhar, Egypt’s top Sunni mosque, said last week that coronavirus could not be used as an excuse not to participate unless it was scientifically established that drinking water helps to ward off the disease.

Virus news in brief

Today’s live blogs are The Guardian, CNN unless otherwise specified

Supply chain news in depth

No takers: Hyundai cars sit in U.S. ports as virus keeps buyers away - While Hyundai is one of few global automakers whose production has recovered at home, its exports optimism has been dampened by the severity of the U.S. outbreak, weak consumer sentiment and as rivals have quickly moved to guard their turf. Consignments of cars shipped from South Korea are now sitting in U.S. ports, with dealers slow to take deliveries because of slumping sales and rising inventory, four people with knowledge of the matter told Reuters. The company idled a Tucson production line at home last week for five days, while sister firm Kia Motors (000270.KS) is looking to suspend three Korean plants for a week. And analysts now expect a sharp drop in first-quarter operating profit when it reports results on Thursday and some even forecast a second-quarter loss. “I hope that the situation will recover by the middle of next month. If not, we might have to lay off some people,” said Brad Cannon, general manager of an exclusive Hyundai dealership in California, whose sales are down more than 50% from when the pandemic started. Hyundai runs a factory in Alabama - which is closed until May 1 - but imports are key to meet U.S. demand. Only about half of its vehicles sold in the United States are made in North America compared to between 68% and 85% for Japanese rivals Toyota Motor (7203.T), Nissan Motor (7201.T) and Honda Motor (7267.T), who have also suspended production there till May. The South Korean company makes about 61% of its cars overseas, up from 48% a decade ago. That leaves it vulnerable to overseas factory shutdowns and shrinking demand outside of its home market.

Coronavirus pandemic 'will cause famine of biblical proportions' - The Guardian quotes the chief of the UN’s food relief agency who has said that the world is facing widespread famine “of biblical proportions” because of the coronavirus pandemic and that there is only a short time to act before hundreds of millions starve. More than 30 countries in the developing world could experience widespread famine, and in 10 of those countries there are already more than 1 million people on the brink of starvation, said David Beasley, executive director of the World Food Programme. “We are not talking about people going to bed hungry,” he told the Guardian in an interview. “We are talking about extreme conditions, emergency status – people literally marching to the brink of starvation. If we don’t get food to people, people will die.” Covid-19 is likely to be sweeping through the developing world but its spread is hard to gauge. What appears to be certain is that the fragile healthcare systems of scores of developing countries will be unable to cope, and the economic disaster following in the wake of the pandemic will lead to huge strain on resources. “This is truly more than just a pandemic – it is creating a hunger pandemic,” said Beasley. “This is a humanitarian and food catastrophe.” Beasley took his message to the UN security council on Tuesday, warning world leaders that they must act quickly in a fast-deteriorating situation. He urged them to bring forward about $2bn (£1.6bn) of aid that has been pledged, so it can get to the frontline as quickly as possible. Another $350m (£285m) is also needed to set up the logistics network to get food and medical supplies – including personal protective equipment – to where it is needed, including air bridges where ground transport is impossible.

Supply chain news in brief

Good news section

Taxi driver takes stranded student from Spain to Italy free of charge - CNN reports that an Italian student stranded in Spain due to the coronavirus crisis has been driven more than 1,500 kilometers home, free of charge by a taxi driver. Driver Kepa Amantegi, 22, drove Giada Collalto, also 22, from Bilbao, Spain, to Montebello, near Venice, Italy, after a series of unfortunate events left her stuck. Collalto's struggle to find a way back home included hours on the internet and phone calls with the Italian embassy. She managed to purchase a plane ticket from Madrid to Paris, then to Rome and finally to Venice. But on April 8, she found herself navigating more restrictions at the airport of the Spanish capital Madrid, where a flight attendant informed her she wasn't permitted to board. "I was desperate and angry, my parents were worried but couldn't do anything to help me. I called the embassy and they told to me to send an email. All hotels in Madrid were closed, no public transport to go back to Bilbao," she added. A friend of hers knew a taxi driver in Bilbao -- Amantegi -- and contacted him. "He immediately said he was available to come to pick me up and he drove nine hours from Bilbao to Madrid and back," Collalto said. But once she was back in Bilbao, she learned her apartment was no longer available. Amantegi offered to host Collalto in his family home for the night. "I insisted on paying him but he said, 'I don't want to get advantage of you, I see you are in a difficult situation, don't worry about the cost'," Collalto said, adding Amantegi only asked for a reimbursement of expenses for picking her up in Madrid. (Link)


Several asked if they can send me $/£/€ via Patreon (in some cases because I've saved them time or money, others for no reason at all). I don't need the cash (that's lovely though) but as you may have read above, food bank charities are getting really hit hard with all this panic buying. Please consider giving whatever you'd have given me to a foodbank charity instead:
UK: https://www.trusselltrust.org/
France: https://www.banquealimentaire.org/
Germany: https://www.tafel.de/
Netherlands: https://www.voedselbankennederland.nl/steun-ons/steun-voedselbank-donatie/
Italy: https://www.bancoalimentare.it/it/node/1
Spain: https://www.fesbal.org/
Australia: https://www.foodbank.org.au/
Canada: https://www.foodbankscanada.ca/
USA: https://www.feedingamerica.org/
Thanks in advance for any donations you give. If there's foodbank charities in your country and it's not listed above, please suggest it and I will include it going forward.
submitted by Fwoggie2 to supplychain [link] [comments]

2020.04.12 17:36 HankEnviro Sell your car quick in Brampton

The city of Brampton is a fast growing city within the Greater Toronto Area. Brampton reported a population of nearly 600,000 residents in 2016. We expect Brampton to have about a 3% growth rate, so Brampton's population could be around 660,000 as of the date of this article. How can you get quick cash for your car in Brampton?
This article will discuss the neighborhoods in Brampton, commuters in the population, notable people from Brampton and what types of cars people drive in Brampton! As well, we'll review how you can sell your old / junk / unwanted scrap car, truck, or van for quick cash if you life in Brampton.

Neighborhoods in Brampton:

Brampton has a ton of neighborhoods. Each one of them with its own strong sense of community and amazing parks, trails, and small businesses! Brampton is truly thriving!
Avondale Bram East Bram West Bramalea West Industrial Brampton East Brampton North Brampton South Brampton West Central Park Credit Valley Downtown Brampton Fletcher's Creek South Fletcher's Creek Village Fletcher's Meadow Fletcher's West Gore Industrial North Goreway Drive Corridor Heart Lake Heart Lake East Heart Lake West Highway 427 Huttonville Madoc Northgate Northwest Brampton Northwest Sandalwood Parkway Northwood Park Queen Street Corridor Sandringham-Wellington Sandringham-Wellington North Snelgrove Southgate Toronto Gore Rural Estate Vales of Castlemore Vales of Castlemore North Westgate

What cars are on Brampton Roads?

The most common cars in Brampton are Import sedans and SUVs, in Brampton. The two most popular sedans in Brampton are the Toyota Corolla and Hyundai Elantra, and the most popular SUVs in Brampton are the Honda CR-V and Hyundai Tuscon

Brampton: Commuter City

Of Brampton nearly 600,000 person population, nearly 240,000 people commute to work. With nearly 180,000 of them commuting outside of Brampton, Ontario! With nearly all of the 240,000 commuters travelling more than 15 minutes, and outside of Brampton to get to work each day. Needless to say, Brampton is a residential city with a lot of commuters for work!

Notable People


Two notable comedians hail from Brampton, Scott Thompson) and Russell Peters.
Comedic actor Michael Cera was born and raised in Brampton. Shawn Ashmore, Aaron Ashmore (Smallville)) are Brampton-raised. Tyler Labine locally raised actor is currently the star of (Mad Love)).

What to do if you need to sell your car quick?

Does your car, truck, or van need more than minor repairs? If so, read here to find out why it may be better for you to sell us your van for cash, today and save the costs and headaches to come!
How do I know when my car is at the end of its useful life?
If you answer YES to any one of these below questions, it may just your best bet to call us. Let us handle everything for you.
If you answer yes – it may be time to consider your job and family, keep a reliable car and sell us your old one! Its time to get cash for your old, junk, scarp, unwanted car. We proudly service the Toronto, Pickering, Ajax, Oshawa, Markham, Scarborough, North York, Etobicoke, Mississauga, Brampton, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Newmarket, Bradford, Keswick, Newmarket, Aurora, Richmond Hill, Thornhill and more! We pay up to $15,000 for cars and you don’t need to lift a finger!
If your car is costing more than its worth! Call us today at 1 877 647 5865 or complete our form (we’ll call you!)

Don't forget to follow us on Facebook & Twitter

submitted by HankEnviro to u/HankEnviro [link] [comments]

2020.04.11 23:11 zachshefska Current list of manufacturer incentives, offers, and deals related to Coronavirus

For my work (I run a car buying service) I need to be up to date with all manufacturer offers, so I compiled this list. I thought I'd share here to learn what I am missing. From those of you who are still going into the dealership, what incentive plans (for customers) have your manufacturers put in place?

Brand Model Incentive Who is Eligible Good Thru Source
Acura ILX, MDX, RDX, RLX, and TLX models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new car through Acura Financial Services. Anyone 04/30/20 https://www.acura.com/covid-19
Acura Anything but the NSX $750 toward Cap Cost Reduction or Down Payment Assistance on any 2020 or newer Acura vehicle when financed or leased through Acura Financial Services Law enforcement, firefighters, EMT/EMS, 911 dispatcher, healthcare professional (All Medical Doctors, Nurses, Physician Assistants, Medical Technicians, and Nurse’s Aides) April 1, 2020 through July 6, 2020 https://www.acura.com/covid-19/modals/first-responders
BMW All models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new or used car through BMW Financial Services. Not available to customers in PA or ME June 30, 2020 https://www.bmwusa.com/90-day-finance-offer.html?event=sav&modal=important-information
FCA All models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new car through Chrysler Capital Anyone 04/30/20 https://media.fcanorthamerica.com/newsrelease.do?id=21673&mid=23
FCA All models 0% APR for 84 Months Anyone 04/30/20 https://media.fcanorthamerica.com/newsrelease.do?id=21673&mid=23
Ford Anything but 2020 Super Duty trucks Six months of payment relief for eligible new-car customers who finance their purchases through Ford Credit Anyone https://corporate.ford.com/articles/products/ford-offers-assistance-customers-communities-during-covid-19.html
General Motors Most models 0% APR for 84 Months Anyone 4/30/20
General Motors Most models 120 days of payment deferment Anyone 4/30/20 https://www.gmfirstresponderdiscount.com/offers/
Genesis 2019 G70 0% APR for 84 Months Anyone 4/30/2020 https://www.genesis.com/us/en/promotions.html
Honda All models $750 toward Cap Cost Reduction or Down Payment Assistance on any 2020 or newer Acura vehicle when financed or leased through Acura Financial Services Law enforcement, firefighters, EMT/EMS, 911 dispatcher, healthcare professional (All Medical Doctors, Nurses, Physician Assistants, Medical Technicians, and Nurse’s Aides) 7/6/20 https://automobiles.honda.com/tools/current-offers?zipcode=20817&offer=090111c081dbec21-CV1F1LEW
Honda All models Deferred first payment for 90 days Anyone 6/1/20
Hyundai All models 4 months deferred payments if you finance through Hyundai Motor Finance Anyone 5/4/20 https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/special-programs/hyundai-assurance
Hyundai All models Up to six months of payments for Hyundai owners who purchased or leased a Hyundai vehicle between March 14 and April 30, 2020 if they lose their job due to COVID-19 this year https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/special-programs/hyundai-assurance
Hyundai Tucson and Elantra 0% APR for 84 Months Anyone 4/30/2020
Hyundai All models $500 bonus towards purchase or lease Law enforcement, firefighters, EMT/EMS, 911 dispatcher, healthcare professional (All Medical Doctors, Nurses, Physician Assistants, Medical Technicians, and Nurse’s Aides) 1/4/21 https://www.hyundaiusa.com/us/en/special-programs/first-responders
Jaguar & Land Rover All models 0% financing for 72 Months Anyone https://media.jaguarlandrover.com/en-us/news/2020/04/jaguar-land-rover-announces-steps-support-customers-response-covid-19
Jaguar & Land Rover All models 90-day first payment deferral financed through Jaguar Financial Group or Land Rover Financial Group Anyone https://media.jaguarlandrover.com/en-us/news/2020/04/jaguar-land-rover-announces-steps-support-customers-response-covid-19
Kia All models 120-day payment deferral on 0% APR Kia Motors Finance (KMF) contracts for up to 75 months https://www.kiamedia.com/us/en/media/pressreleases/16025/kia-us-operations-respond-to-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic
Lexus All models 90-day payment deferral on the purchase of a new Lexus financed through Lexus Financial Services (45 days in PA). Anyone May 4, 2020 https://www.lexusfinancial.com/us/en/covid-19.html
Mazda All models 0.9% APR for 60 months Anyone https://www.mazdausa.com/covid-19-news
Mazda All models 90-day payment deferral Anyone https://www.mazdausa.com/covid-19-news
Mercedes-Benz Most models 0% APR for 36 months on most models Anyone April 30, 2020 https://www.mbusa.com/en/home
Mercedes-Benz All models 90-day first payment deferral Anyone April 30, 2020 https://www.mbusa.com/en/home
Mini All models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new or used car through Mini Financial Services.
Nissan All models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new or used car through NMAC. https://www.nissanusa.com/coronavirus.html
Porsche N/A
Subaru Most models No payments for 90 days if you finance the purchase of a new or used car through Subaru Financial Services. https://www.subaru.com/covid-19
Toyota All models 90-day payment deferral on the purchase of a new and certified used Toyota financed through Toyota Financial Services (45 days in PA). May 4, 2020 https://www.toyota.com/toyota-covid-19-response/
Volkswagen All models 180 day payment deferral on the purchase of a new Volkswagen financed through VCI. April 30, 2020 https://media.vw.com/releases/1280
Volkswagen Most models 0% financing for 72 Months April 30, 2020 https://media.vw.com/releases/1280
Volvo N/A

If I missed anything in the list, please let me know and I will update it.
submitted by zachshefska to askcarsales [link] [comments]

2020.03.12 14:44 StrangeHighness The University of Arizona has officially delayed the start of classes after spring break and announced plans to transition to online instruction "wherever possible."

Excerpt from an email sent to all UA students:
"Dear Students and Colleagues,
The University of Arizona’s top priority is the health and safety of our students, our employees and our community. At this time, the risk of contracting COVID-19 in Tucson is low, and there are no confirmed cases on any domestic University of Arizona campus.
Nonetheless, like all U.S. universities, the University of Arizona is rapidly ramping up Coronavirus mitigation efforts to keep our community as safe as possible.
Accordingly, we are delaying the start of classes to Wednesday, March 18, and moving from in-person instruction to online instruction wherever possible.
· Residence halls, recreational facilities, food services and Campus Health are open now and will remain open.
· Classes will continue in online mode until Monday, April 6, at which time the University will assess its operational status.
· All public events will continue, with the exception of the Bear Down Music Fest, unless otherwise announced.
Additional information will follow shortly with specific details for faculty, staff and students. To stay up-to-date, please visit our main COVID-19 page.
There is no doubt these policies will disrupt and inconvenience our campus community. However, I strongly believe these short-term disruptions will greatly reduce the risk of significant long-term negative consequences.
Please remember that we are all responsible for our community’s well-being. Be sure that you are taking care of yourself and looking out for your friends and other campus community members. Please also see CDC guidance.
Thank you for your patience and support through this evolving situation.
Robert C. Robbins, M.D.
The University of Arizona"
submitted by StrangeHighness to CoronavirusArizona [link] [comments]

2020.02.21 10:29 aallenpparker Hyundai Motor 2020: Company profile and SWOT analysis

Hyundai Motor 2020: Company profile and SWOT analysis

The Hyundai Motor Company, generally known as Hyundai Motors. Along with its subsidiaries, the Company has divided its business through three sections i.e The Vehicle Segment manufactures vehicles essentially under the brand names of Genesis, Tucson, Equus, Veloster, Azera, Sonata, Elantra, Accent. This section additionally manufactures commercially, vehicles including trucks, transports, extraordinary vehicles and others, just as car parts. The company also provides various automobile services. The Other Segment is essentially occupied with the assembling of railroad vehicles and driven systems and furthermore gives the train maintenance services.
Read Full Description at: https://www.fortunecompanyprofile.com/details/hyundai-motor


  • Business overview - A detailed summary of the activities and business divisions of the Hyundai Motor.
  • Corporate strategy - A description of the business strategy of the Hyundai Motor.
  • SWOT analysis - A detailed analysis of the Hyundai Motor strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats.
  • Hyundai Motor history - Progression of main business-related events.
  • Key products and services - A list of the Hyundai Motor major products, services and trademarks.
  • Essential locations and subsidiaries - A list of the Hyundai Motor key locations and subsidiaries, including contact information.
The Hyundai Motor is one of its industry-leading companies. Through systematically reviewing and revising the SWOT report, Hyundai Motor retains its dominant market position. Hyundai Motor SWOT analyzes a highly interactive process that involves effective collaboration between different organization departments such as marketing, accounting, information management systems and strategic planning.

Key benefits of buying this profile include:

  • Gain important insights into the Hyundai Motor for the purposes of academic or market studies.
  • The Hyundai Motor profile integrates key elements such as SWOT analysis and corporate strategy to support the academic or business research needs.
  • Identify potential buyers and suppliers by evaluating the Hyundai Motor business structure, processes, key products and services, and business strategy through this report.
  • By a thorough Hyundai Motor SWOT analysis, understand and respond to the business structure and strategies of your competitors. In this, the core strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the company are analyzed, giving you an up-to-date objective view of the Hyundai Motor.
  • Examine possible investment and acquisition opportunities with a detailed insight into the financial, market and operational performance of the Hyundai Motor through this report.
Buy Full Analysis Company Profile at: https://www.fortunecompanyprofile.com/checkout/hyundai-motor
submitted by aallenpparker to u/aallenpparker [link] [comments]

2020.02.05 18:42 acloudrift Management Perspectives; Money, Fame, Power, DIY

Seeking Gold (aka 'alpha') "Alpha" means the Arete of investments; gold is one of the surest of precious things. You can't eat or drink gold to live, but it's a dense form of saved value because all civilizations have appreciated it.
All Civilizations have appreciated Power
Power and Social Exchange 14pg.pdf 1977
Trades in Power
can fame be exchanged for political power?
(Voluntary) Exchange Power 2003 byndntr
can wealth be exchanged for political power?
Power vs. Wealth in Politics 2010
Watch out for the term, "Social Justice," as it means that the politician wants to take the income or wealth of people they deem have "too much" and...
Potlatch Society; exchange of wealth for prestige
Does money, or should I say wealth, really give one power? qra
Wealth IS power qra
can expertise be exchanged for political power?
Expert power
Power: Definition, Typology, Description, Examples
Power and Influence in Politics - WrdPrs
What is political power? definition and meaning ...
Glass Barrier Metaphors, Leaderships
DIY power
Collect power with rapport
Earn some power of expertise for some effort
Subtitle: Personal, Business, Community; a Golden Braid
Principle: Operate your personal life like a business.
Not to be considered legal advice, it's only an exploratory blog. Consult IRS Schedule C(Form 1040), Profit or Loss from Business
What is difference between business and hobby? Hobby or Business? IRS Offers Tips to Decide and this IRS item also Is Your ‘Business’ Just a Hobby?
Subtitle could be taken as analogy, in which some principles found to be successful in business practice can be arranged to make personal life more successful too.
But, Subtitle could also be taken literally, in which you operate your personal life AS a business, in a direct sense. Briefly, you arrange your personal affairs so as to be directed toward a revenue collecting operation, record them, proper accounting methods apply, and the usual business strategies apply too.
Why Community? Because businesses operate in a community, seeking alpha, which includes Good Will, which is a natural consequence of high [Social Virtue](work in process, it's a long one).
Cooperation vs Competition
Social Virtue applies to a condition of cooperation. Even peaceful competition has a cooperative nature, in that keeping peace (long term) means abiding by rules and good manners, respecting the "rights" of competitors and customers.
There are social competitors outside of business, the 'special interests' engaged in cultural war, attempting to subvert mainstream society with the Cultural Marxist initiative. If you want to support traditional virtues, you should be a virtual opponent of Cosmopolitan Marxists (aka 'The Chosen') who want your community enslaved into a Socialist dystopia. This is a separate issue, just sayin'.
Why a 'Golden Braid'? A braid because of the tripartite feature of braids, and golden because " 'Gold' is money (everything else is credit)". sidenote: What is "credit" money?
Follow the Money Basic accounting says profits (aka net gain) is derived by subtracting expenses (aka costs or liabilities) from revenues (aka income or accounts receivable). Taxes on income (which exist at present) are charged to profits. Therefore, (to DIY) seek to transpose personal expenses into business expenses. The difference? Recording details, and having a business goal (see intro via IRS documents) personal goals may be included, but not recorded).
Example 1 Expenses may include Entertainment, which is a long established tactic of sales personnel. The fact that the sales person paying for the entertainment is entertained as well is incidental; enjoying your work may be unusual, but it does occur. How can anyone justify taking a date out to lunch as a business expense? If your date is implausible as a potential customer, invite someone more plausibly a customer along, and document your business-applicable conversation along with the necessary details of the occasion.
Example 2 Expenses may include Travel, a long established method of businesses, which may include leasing a company jet or bus charter service. Suppose you want to take your family for a holiday in Buenos Aires? Again, find some way to plausibly cast the operation as a business expense. This may take some creative imagination, but tax filings are not scrutinized unless something suspicious 'triggers' them. Learn what kinds of triggers exist, avoid them. You may need to alter your holiday plans for a trip to San Antonio TX instead.
So much for discretionary costs, next investments...
Example 3 Expenses may include adding assets, such as real estate. Every business has a list of assets. Suppose you want a second home in Honolulu? If you can plausibly cast the place to suit a business purpose, it's legit. Or, you might find a nice place near Tucson AZ that is more plausible because you set up a research retreat there, near the house.
Example 4 Invest in your community of friends, get them to help you. Suppose you have some trusted friends. Cooperate with them to join your business plan. Acting as a group is more plausible than acting solo; more fun too. Your pals and you may even find yourselves in a genuine profit-making operation, not just a tax-avoidance scheme. This is campitalism at its best.
Doing all this 'plausibility' strategy is going to help you think like a business executive. Instead of 'just wanting to have fun,' you will be just wanting to make money in fun-blessed directions. You will be thinking in terms of risk-management, cost-benefit scales, and expansion plans. This approach is going to lead to more net income, fun, safety, wealth, and happiness.
Am I urging readers to "break the law"? No, I'm suggesting there are ways to rearrange your life to fit a business model and get benefits like tax reduction when you combine business with pleasure. There are uncertainties in established business practice that make things like entertainment or intentions of travel, fuzzy enough to allow flexibility in describing your activity.
Risk Management Paradigm
Overhead and Taxes are known risks, can be integrated into a business plan. The term 'risk' is usually associated with unknown events that may cause loss. When unexpected gain occurs, it's called 'windfall profit' (from the term for storm-felled trees when you're a lumberman or charcoal producer). In general, lossy unknown events have a history, so precautions like safety equipment, escape methods, and insurance contracts can (and should) be made.
Musical Parent Paradigm (when opportunity knocks, open the door)
Making of a Child Prodigy by honoring the Child the Crosbys and their very precocious daughter Claire 20 min integrating principle with action: perfect pitch, perfect inflections, flawless script; age 3++
study notes
Fame, Money, and Power, from Ancient times, book plaudit umich
ethology, per Roger Masters
Money Masters 210 min
origin of the phrase 'golden braid' which I read many years ago, when it was first published
submitted by acloudrift to todayplusplus [link] [comments]

2020.02.03 09:04 giantspeck Hope you enjoyed the warm weather this weekend, because it's going to get pretty damn cold this week


Over the past few days, warm southeasterly flow from Mexico has brought temperatures in the Tucson well above seasonal averages. That will come to an end early this week, as a powerful frontal system is expected to move across Arizona on Monday, resulting in very gusty winds, valley rainfall, mountain snowfall, and a drastic (but temporary) drop in temperatures.

Low Temperatures

The change will be most felt during the late night and early morning hours. Morning lows will be well above average this morning ahead of the front, but will drop to more than ten degrees below average on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday morning. The National Weather Service in Tucson has issued a Hard Freeze Watch, which is valid from late Monday night through Tuesday morning and again from late Tuesday night through Wednesday morning.
According to the National Weather Service, sub-freezing temperatures could be deadly to crops and other sensitive vegetation and coul damage unprotected pipes. You should take steps now to protect plants from the cold and perform preventative measures to keep outdoor water pipes from freezing and bursting. Ensure that outdoor water pipes are wrapped, drained, or allowed to drop slowly.
Date Low (°F)
03 Feb 48 ░░░ +7
04 Feb -11 ░░░░░ 30
05 Feb -16 ░░░░░░░░ 25
06 Feb -13 ░░░░░░ 28
07 Feb -4 ░░ 37
08 Feb -2 39

High Temperatures

High temperatures will be more than ten degrees below average on Tuesday and Wednesday, but will begin to steadily climb toward the end of the week and may even be well above average by the weekend.  
Date High (°F)
03 Feb 7 ░░░ 60
04 Feb -17 ░░░░░░░░ 49
05 Feb -16 ░░░░░░░░ 50
06 Feb -8 ░░░░ 59
07 Feb 68
08 Feb 74 ░░░ +6


As the front passes our area on Monday afternoon, winds will shift to a northwesterly direction and will become very gusty. While wind gusts may reach as high as 30 to 40 miles per hour in the Tucson metropolitan area, they will become even stronger to the south and east of the city, with valley wind gusts reaching as high as 50 miles per hour and mountain wind gusts reaching as high as 60 miles per hour. The National Weather Service office in Tucson has issued a Wind Advisory which is valid through 7PM this evening.


This frontal system is not expected to bring significant amounts of rainfall to the Tucson metropolitan area, though an isolated rain shower in the valley and an isolated snow shower in the mountains is possible on Monday afternoon. Heavier precipitation is expected well to the northeast of Tucson, with some snowfall reaching the valleys on Tuesday. Total precipitation expected in Tucson is less than 0.10 inches, with snow accumulations in the mountains reaching no higher than one or two inches at the highest peaks.
submitted by giantspeck to Tucson [link] [comments]

2020.01.31 04:56 Grampong Homo Divinus: From a Shattered Frame, the Nibiru Rises Like a Phoenix

Getting What You Need Or Want (For A Price)
The transportation and trade of goods and services is essential for any sort of advanced society, and initially ALL the heavy lifting (double entendre intended) was done by homo divinus. Homo divinus had an advanced society LONG before homo sapiens were created, who started out good for not much more than digging in the dirt (which WAS their intended purpose, after all). So homo divinus got stuck moving everything around at first (there was no one else to do the work). While directing homo sapiens and moving stuff around and distributing it was better than digging in the dirt, homo divinus didn’t see any reason why they couldn’t also offload carrying and distributing responsibilities as well to produce yet ANOTHER QOL increase for them.
Homo divinus has a long history of overseeing the builders and craftsmen, controlling and guiding them and their knowledge through the Masons (who learned the arts of constructing with stone and wood and metal from homo divinus in the first place). The Masons preserved this tradition, passing it down from Master to Apprentice (and often from father to son). But in order for the Masons to work their magick, they needed to have the necessary materials and requirements first. For that, they turned to the masters of logistics, the Traders.
Because the Traders draw from the same origin as the Masons (getting homo sapiens to do what homo divinus had been stuck doing from the beginning), the two groups developed along side each other, sometimes acting in lock step, while other times coming into deadly conflict. But because both sides ultimately needed the other, they always worked out their differences eventually (even if eventually is measured in homo divinus time). And because of the need for Mason and Trader synchronization, those rare individual capable of being trained in BOTH skill sets were.
Minoans, Phoenicians, And Druids, Oh My
After the decision was made for the gods to make their exist, ease from the scene, and allow homo sapiens to start test driving the Earth, the homo divinus moved their bases of operation away from the middle of the society, ruling physically in person, to outlying areas and various groups of capable homo sapiens who were then trained and set up to start taking over the system. Kingship, the Secret God Project, the establishment of special relationships with certain groups on the fringes of the “civilized” world to carry out tasks at homo divinus discretion, castes and secret societies within the larger civilization, etc., all were used as mechanism to both train and guide homo sapiens in managing themselves and the world.
These special enclaves are recorded in history as the Minoans, the Scythians, the Phoenicians, the Druids, the various hominid tribes that ranged the Asian Steppe and the Tibetan Plateau, the Sea Peoples, the Desert Traders, etc. As the “civilized” world gradually expanded to encompass these enclaves, homo divinus just moved further away (even if that meant into the ground and out into space).
I’ll Schlep Anything For A Shekel Or Two
One of the best recorded eras of the Traders was the Radhanite Empire, which controlled global trade for a ner (600 years) from the end of the Roman Empire through the fall of Khazaria and the Silk Road in 969, a network which the world struggled to replace for the next few sosses (several hundred years). Khazaria was the center of the Radhanite Empire, controlling Silk Road commerce and the slave trade. If something was valuable, portable, and traveled any significant distance, odds are it passed through Radhanite hands with the Traders getting their cut.
The Radhanite Empire reached its further extent with the colony Calalus in the North American Southwest around Tuscon. The Tuscon Artifacts show the Radhanites actively running the colony until the collapse of the Trader Empire in the mid-10th Century. That collapse resulted in the disappearance of many items for Europe for over a century (especially spices which eliminated some of those favorite recipes for several generations), until the Traders could set up their new networks to reunite supply with demand (for their cut of the price, of course). Calalus had originally been established by the Traders in the First Century BC, before being reclaimed by the Radhanites (without regular connection with the homeland, the colonists eventually either get overwhelmed or go native).
Amoral Laws
The Traders followed the Laws of Economics, which are amoral, rather than moral or immoral (just as the Masons followed the Laws of Nature). This allows the Traders an EXTREME amount of “moral flexibility” when in pursuit of profit. Nothing is violates the Laws of Economics as long as there is money to be made. Needless to say, the Traders regularly serviced those immoral needs, from smuggling, to fencing stolen goods, to the most lucrative of all commodities, slaves.
Ultimately, it was the organized slave trade which led to the persecution of many of the Traders (some homo sapiens just take it poorly when you pillage their villages and sell their relatives into slavery, they just see it as a poor way to make a living and resent you for it). The battle against slavery and the slave trade has gone on for many ners (over 1,000 years), and one of the most intriguing ways which was used to combat it was LOVE, as Suleiman and Roxelana demonstrated. Slavery has been beaten back by those extra-Economic considerations like LOVE (something the Traders don’t understand because it doesn’t convert to money and profit).
Poppa Joe’s Franchises
While researching the Traders, I recognized from my previous snippet on Joseph of Arimathea that he was one of the Major Traders in his day (this was in addition to him being a Master Mason). Poppa Joe specialized in the manufacture and trading of metals, meaning his responsibilities ranged across the entire range of the Trader Empire, from the production of wootz steel using the monsoon winds in Sri Lanka, to the mining of tin in England (with more in the Americas).
It soon became apparent that TWO Masons named Joe who were Mary’s male guardian/husband was a needless and redundant flaw in the narrative. Since one Joe had to go, the better chronicled one from Arimathea was the last Joe standing. This allowed a clear cohesive narrative for Jesus to emerge which made much more sense to me than any of the previous offerings I’ve seen.
The few snippets on Jesus I’ve already done which need to be revised: Super-Starseed, Transfiguration, Holy Prepuce, and the rest of the narrative will require many more snippets on top of the revisions. But I now have that one unique narrative that I had hoped would emerge from the fog.
American Operations
While the Radhanites colonized the American Southwest as an expansion of their Middle Age empire, this was FAR from the only time the Traders ventured to America. Homo divinus, and their Trader accomplices, mined copper in Michigan starting just under two sars ago (6,500 years ago) and lasting a couple ner (1,000 years), producing levels about half what modern mining produces. This copper then was shipped back to the Old World to supply the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages.
In the Sixth Century, St. Brendan from Ireland and Prince Madoc and King Arthur II from Wales led a major colonization effort after the British Isles were utterly devastated by the Dragon Comet of 536, which had bizarre worldwide impact. This event itself is poorly documented (in fact, much of the Sixth Century is poorly documented, which is part of what makes Arthur, Merlin, and the rest so mysterious) because those recovering from the event were too busy trying to stay alive to write very much down (doesn’t it always seem to work out that way).
The few reports which do exist don’t describe any ordinary comet, but a celestial event of a unique nature. The descriptions sounds much more like an advanced firebombing, with bombardment from homo divinus spaceships rendering areas uninhabitable for years.
Return To Avalon
Which brought me (like Arthur) back to Glastonbury/Avalon and the Culdee Church which was founded by Jesus and Pappa Joe personally with Momma Mary running things until she died and was buried in the Oratory That Jesus Built (a more exciting and significant grave than boring old King Arthur). From these auspicious beginnings, Glastonbury grew and served as a beacon of Christian learning after Rome lost connection and influence over the British Isles as the Empire in the West crumbled.
Augustine reestablished the Roman rite in Canterbury after the Great Devastation, with the two flavors of Christianity shared an uneasy peace for a ner (600 years). Then, the Glastonbury Abbey fire in 1184 was part of the efforts to violently enforce Roman orthodoxy in the aftermath of the Great East/West Schism of 1054. Anything even RESEMBLING variance from Roman orthodoxy often brought death and destruction. And the Culdee Church, with its legitimate claims of priority over Rome, was square in the crosshairs and Glastonbury burned because of Rome’s desire for dominance.
The Burning of the Library of Glastonbury Abbey was one of the greatest losses of preserved knowledge in homo sapien history (arguably THE greatest in northern European history). One of the few items which DID survive the Fire was The Kolbrin, another record of ancient times, divided into an Egyptian section which covers the return of the Nibiru, the Exodus, and the Egypt’s Eighteenth Dynasty; and a section on the British Isles which deals with Jesus and more “modern” times. The Kolbrin makes the existing cracks in my homo divinus frame even WORSE, and I had barely scratched the surface of the information the Kolbrin holds.
Beak-Buddy Thoth Delivers The Final Blow
Next, Thoth’s Emerald Tablet XIII revealed the true nature of the Halls of Amenti and the Flower of Life as the core of the Earth and the Earth’s projected field (of which the magnetic part is easiest to identify). This larger meaning connects with the Norse Creation, and the Afterlife, and the Nine Realms, and the Greek Theogony and Primordials, and SO very many more, unifying them into a larger whole.
Thoth had shown that sum total of my errors in constructing my original homo divinus frame had grown too great, and the entire hominid frame shattered.
But all was not lost, because out of the wreckage I was able to cobble together a new design for the Nibiru. The previous hollowed-out asteroid powered by a mercury vortex engine is a perfectly valid design and is indeed used to span the void between stars, but that’s NOT what the Nibiru happens to be. The Nibiru is a creation of a much higher order of magnitude, well beyond ANYTHING a plucky group of hominids would be able to put together in a few million years after discovering immortality.
The Nibiru’s new design and the positive dating of its the last visit to ~1500 BC allows the scaffolding of a rigid timeline to extend into the past onto which all sorts of facts can be hung. I’ve been spending A LOT of time trimming that new narrative spine, checking and rechecking my work to make sure I haven’t made any MORE glaring mistakes, going over old snippets (and partial snippets) to revise and update them to fit the new frame (I haven’t wanted to release new snippets which instantly failed to match the new frame). Best of all, I have now identified EXACTLY who homo divinus are and their true origins.
First up is the New and Improved Nibiru, now with RAM power!
Thanks for reading and I hope you enjoyed.
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